Category Archives: Catholic Traditions

Lent, Loving Sacrifices for Souls

Lent—Loving Sacrifices for Souls

March 9, 2017

By Lorraine Vincent

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During the Season of Lent our Holy Mother Church encourages us to do penance and make sacrifices to try to purify ourselves and become more holy. Lent is the time to take stock of our lives and determine where we need to change. It is very important to go to Confession in Lent to receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation. Jesus acts through the Catholic priest. If we are truly repentant and want to depart from our sinful ways and do penance, we will be absolved of our sins and our souls will be washed clean. We will be reconciled with God and renewed and strengthened spiritually. Filled with the grace of God we can start anew. Each one of us has a mission here on earth. Every one of us affects the whole Body of Christ here on earth, either in a positive way or a negative way. By earnestly striving to be holy, we strengthen the Church, and more souls will be saved throughout the world.

We can make loving sacrifices for souls. In this way we will follow Jesus and do what He did. Think of all the wonderful acts of mercy that Jesus did for the suffering people that He encountered! How hard He worked for souls despite all the rejection He experienced and angry comments said to Him. Jesus said, “Whoever wishes to come after Me must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me” (Mark 8:34). He made loving sacrifices!

The greatest loving sacrifice was made by Mary, the Mother of Jesus. She stood at the foot of the Cross, looking with great love and compassion at Jesus, sharing in His suffering, trying to comfort and console Him as He died. She joined Jesus in His loving sacrifice because she loved souls. “There she stood, in keeping with the divine plan, enduring with her only begotten Son the intensity of His suffering, joining herself with His sacrifice in her mother’s heart, and lovingly consenting to the immolation of this Victim, born of her…” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 964).

In our journey in this life, we will constantly experience trials, tribulation and suffering. Jesus often spoke to St. Faustina Kowalska, who wrote His words in her Diary. He said to St. Faustina, and thereby to us, “Do not be absorbed in your misery … be merciful to others” (Diary, 1486). Jesus is Love and Mercy. We can try to imitate Him and His Mother Mary. Being merciful to others changes our focus from all our problems to something positive. We could plan to accomplish some difficult good deed in a loving manner. We could go to visit and help the sick and the elderly. They really need us! But we have to go with the determination to be kind and loving, and try to help them. It feels good to help others and see them smile in gratitude. Our problems won’t necessarily disappear, but we will be filled with the love of God, set on fire and full of zeal to do His will. Jesus said, “…unite, in a special way, even your smallest deeds to My merits, and then My Father will look upon them with love as if they were My own” (Diary, 1543).

Loving sacrifices for souls are accomplished when it is not easy or convenient. Here is an example. I know a lady who drove for 7 hours to another city to visit a person in a nursing home. She did this every 6 weeks for years until the death of the sick person. A nurse approached the lady, amazed at her continual acts of mercy, saying that people in the same city do not visit their sick and suffering family members as often as she did.

We too can perform a difficult act of charity and mercy for someone in need. Remember that what we do for the least of our brothers and sisters, we do for Jesus. Making this great effort will not go unnoticed by God and He will bless us. Our loving sacrifices for souls will draw us more closely to Jesus, and we could make significant progress in our spiritual life.

If we are not well and cannot go to visit ailing friends, we can phone these people often and try to cheer them up. Our calls could really brighten their days! We can also pray for our sick and suffering friends and offer Masses for them. Another way for us homebound sick people to make loving sacrifices for souls, is to offer to Jesus all our pain and sufferings for these souls. Jesus said, “Join your sufferings to My Passion and offer them to the heavenly Father for sinners” (Diary, 1032). So with each agony during the day we can bring this prayer to mind for a certain soul. Then we can experience with a sense of relief that each pain and agony of ours will have great spiritual value.

St. James wrote about spiritual care for the sick: “Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders [priests]of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil [the Sacrament of the Sick] in the name of the Lord; and the prayer of faith will save the sick man, and the Lord will raise him up; and if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven” (James 5:14,15). The Sacrament of the Sick is wonderful for the sick and the dying. We can make the time and effort to arrange for a priest to come and administer the Sacrament of the Sick, also called the Last Rites, for a very sick Catholic friend or loved one. What a great act of charity that would be! Such a loving sacrifice would certainly be well received by Jesus, as we try to imitate Him more closely for the good of souls.

Our Lord Jesus Christ asks us to embrace the cross He gave us in this life, the cross of suffering and trials. This Lent we are to endure our cross with patience as we make loving sacrifices for souls. We could attend any special Lenten programs held in the parish, particularly the Stations of the Cross, or pray the Stations privately at home. We could spend more time daily in prayer, even to the extent of praising and calling upon Him in prayer every moment of every day. Our loving sacrifices and prayers for souls conquer the evil one. Therefore, this Lent we can make significant progress in our spiritual life, drawing closer and closer in union with God, and praise and thank Him for His loving presence in our lives.



I am the Way … Jn 14:6

 I am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life (Jn 14:6)


By Lorraine Vincent

December 5, 2016

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“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God; all things were made through Him, and without Him was not anything made that was made. In Him was life, and the Life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it” (Jn 1:1-5). Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God the Father, came to earth, took on human flesh and preached the “Truth” to all sinners to show us “The Way” and gave us His Holy Catholic Church. He is the Lamb of God, our Saviour, full of love and mercy for all mankind. He willingly sacrificed Himself on the Cross to make reparation for the sins of the world, reconciling us with the Father. The gates of Heaven were then opened to all souls who did and will do the will of God. We, who belong to the Catholic Church, the Body of Christ, have the responsibility to promote the faith to souls.

 The Seven Sacraments

Our Holy Catholic Church has seven sacraments which were instituted by Christ for our sanctification. “The sacraments are efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church by which divine life is dispensed to us. The visible rites by which the sacraments are celebrated signify and make present the graces proper to each sacrament. They bear fruit in those who receive them with the required dispositions” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, CCC, 1131).

The seven sacraments are: Baptism, Confirmation, Reconciliation (Confession), Eucharist, Matrimony, Holy Orders, and Extreme Unction (Sacrament of the Sick and the Dying). Our Church recommends that we receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation at least once a month. The Sacrament of Extreme Unction can be repeated. Through these sacraments the faithful receive sanctifying grace from the Holy Spirit given by Christ through the Catholic priests. “From the moment that a sacrament is celebrated in accordance with the intention of the Church, the power of Christ and His Spirit acts in and through it, independently of the personal holiness of the minister. Nevertheless, the fruits of the sacraments also depend on the disposition of the one who receives them” (CCC, 1128).

“Sacramental grace is the grace of the Holy Spirit, given by Christ and proper to each sacrament. The Spirit heals and transforms those who receive Him by conforming them to the Son of God. The fruit of the sacramental life is that the Spirit of adoption makes the faithful partakers in the divine nature by uniting them in a living union with the only Son, the Savior” (CCC, 1129).

To have the “required disposition” to benefit from the sacraments, we must desire to grow in our faith and be in the process of trying to become better Catholics. The sacraments will then strengthen us spiritually, to help draw us closer to Christ in order to better discern His will in our lives. We should try to learn the true teachings of our Church by reading the Bible, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, papal documents and the lives of the saints. We cannot quit trying to improve spiritually daily, because we will slide backwards and loose what we gained. Also, the more we pray and meditate daily, the more we will grow closer to Jesus.

 The Holy Eucharist

 The Holy Eucharist is the “Sacrament of sacraments” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, CCC, 1211), for in this Blessed Sacrament is Christ Himself.  The Blessed Sacrament is at the center of life of the Catholic Church.  St. John Paul II wrote about the Blessed Sacrament in Redemptor Hominis:  “It is at one and the same time a Sacrifice-Sacrament, a Communion-Sacrament, and a Presence-Sacrament.”

Certain conditions must be met before a person may participate with the whole community in receiving the Holy Eucharist (Holy Communion) in a Catholic Church. Initially, the Sacraments of Christian Baptism, Confirmation in the Catholic Church and the Sacrament of Reconciliation (Confession) are necessary. Also, one must be in total agreement with the whole Catholic Church and its teachings, and believe that Jesus is truly present under the appearance of Bread and Wine consecrated at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass by a Catholic priest. One must agree that the Holy Eucharist is not just a sign or a symbol but the real Body and Blood of Christ. Then, “The Holy Eucharist completes Christian initiation” (CCC, 1322), and a person may participate with the whole community in receiving the Eucharist. That is why we, as Catholics, should not receive Communion in a Protestant Church and why Protestants should not receive Communion in a Catholic Church.

Our Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1381, teaches “That in this sacrament are the true Body of Christ and His true Blood is something that ‘cannot be apprehended by the senses,’ says St. Thomas (Aquinas), ‘but only by faith, which relies on divine authority.’  For this reason, in a commentary on Luke 22:19 (‘This is My Body which is given for you.’), St. Cyril says:  ‘Do not doubt whether this is true, but rather receive the words of the Savior in faith, for since He is the truth, He cannot lie.’”

Christ wanted to remain present to all people in His Church in this unique way. “[B]y this sacrament we unite ourselves to Christ, who makes us sharers in his Body and Blood to form a single body” (CCC, 1331).

Therefore, people throughout the universal Catholic Church are united together as the Body of Christ in this Sacrament of Holy Communion until the end of time.

 The Sacrament of Reconciliation

This Sacrament is the act of confession to a Catholic priest (Christ’s representative). It is a means to purify our soul of all sin. Christ is all forgiving in the Sacrament of Reconciliation if we are truly sorry and try to change our behavior. Also, we will receive special heavenly graces and blessings to strengthen us in our good will. There are times when a person might not feel forgiven and focus on the past. Feelings are irrelevant. The past is gone, the future is before us. We must believe in the power of God to forgive sins and go forward.

It is important to note, that Catholics may not receive Holy Eucharist, while in the state of mortal sin, as this would be a sacrilege, a grave sin. “For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must together be met: Mortal sin is sin whose object is grave matter and which is also committed with full knowledge and deliberate consent. … Grave matter is specified by the Ten Commandments … St. Paul urges us to examine our conscience: ‘Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of profaning the Body and Blood of the Lord… eats and drinks judgment upon himself.’  Anyone conscious of a grave sin must receive the sacrament of Reconciliation before coming to communion” (CCC, 1857, 1858, 1385).

Grave sin, that is, mortal sin, includes occult practices, sex outside of marriage, theft and murder (which includes abortion, euthanasia and assisted suicide). When a person takes part in these grave sins, knowing that they are really bad, but freely does it anyway, the person is thereby rejecting Jesus and pushing Him away. However, after the person receives the Sacrament of Reconciliation with determination never to commit the grave sin again, the sin is completely wiped away off the person’s soul, by the power of God working through the Catholic priest.

Then Jesus will welcome the person back to Himself in the Holy Eucharist.

Abortion, Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

Abortion, euthanasia and assisted suicide are all mortal sins against the Commandment, “Thou shalt not kill”. Abortion is the murder of an unborn baby in the womb of a mother, with the mother’s consent. Both the abortionist and the mother are culpable before God. In fact, those who receive the abortion, perform it, or cooperate in it, bring an Automatic Excommunication upon themselves. They are excommunicated because of the sin itself. A bishop does not have to pronounce it. The killing of the innocent is never justified. The purpose of the excommunication is not to reject anyone, but precisely to help people understand how evil abortion is, and help them to turn away from it. The Church promises any woman who has had an abortion, that if she comes repenting of her sin, she will find welcome and forgiveness. God’s mercy is ready to forgive her sin in the Sacrament of Reconciliation (Confession), and to reconcile her to the Church by removing the excommunication.

Euthanasia is the deliberate killing of someone with or without that person’s consent, in order to eliminate all suffering. The individual who commits euthanasia must therefore intend to kill the person and must cause the death, usually by lethal injection. This practice along with assisted suicide remains illegal in most countries, but the trend towards accepting euthanasia is spreading throughout the globe. Abortion has been legal in Canada since 1969 when Parliament passed a law that allowed abortion in certain circumstances. Euthanasia and assisted suicide are now legal in Canada since the year 2015.

We have to remember that God gave us life. He didn’t say it is ours to take away, or permit the government to give us permission to take life away. God decides when we are to be born and when we are to die. The guilty ones that kill the innocent will be judged for rebelling against God.

There are three Euthanasia Deceptions. Deception #1 is that assisted death is compassionate. Societies tend to impose judgment on “quality of life”. There is an unspoken assumption on a person’s right to be alive depends upon how well they function. Pain can be controlled. We need more proper palliative care. Deception #2 is about the individual’s right to choose euthanasia for oneself. Choice includes family and friends. It’s a matter of care. Dependence on others does not diminish our dignity. It is simply our recognition of our need for one another. Deception #3 is that safeguards will protect the vulnerable. However, people always find exceptions. The practice of hastening death has become all too common, even in Canada.

We need to combat the Culture of Death in Canada. The concept of lethally injecting or giving somebody lethal pills to end their life is not compassion. It is not caring for the person. People of faith are called to love one another, to care for a person when they are going through the most difficult time of their life. We can help the needy to find meaning and purpose in their life again. We can take care of the sick and the dying. We are able to control virtually all pain if properly dealt with. We need to improve end-of-life training and pain management care in our medical schools and nursing programs across the country. We can offer complete relief. Our Church promotes the Corporal Works of Mercy. One of them is to visit the sick. We can build a community of care, of fraternal love for others. We can face life’s struggles together, hand in hand, until natural death.

The Sacrament of Matrimony

In present day society it is becoming more and more common for couples to live together without getting married. An erroneous mentality is to believe that if everyone does it, then it’s okay. Not so. In fact, Catholic parents are becoming more indoctrinated into this secular belief, to the point that they do not insist that their children receive the Sacrament of Matrimony in a Catholic Church. This Sacrament is not valid if the Catholic children get married in a park, for instance. To receive this Sacrament, the man and woman must be married in a Catholic Church by a Catholic priest.

Now-a-days, false compassion often comes into play. Parents often have to make tough decisions. Their love and compassion for their young adult children tempts them to help them to do what is evil—what is forbidden by the Catholic Church. For instance, it is a great temptation to assist their child to live with their partner, while unmarried. The parents don’t want to hurt their feelings, and feel sorry for them in their need of a place to live; so they either provide a home for them, or assist them financially. I am well aware of even deeper complications. I have heard that some children threatened to cut off all relations with their parents and to not allow them to see their grandchildren, if they do not assist them to live together out of wedlock. With tremendous grief, the parents gave in. How sad!

But think. What would Jesus do? Jesus did not help anybody to sin. His compassion would not lead Him to help an unmarried couple to live together; because anyone helping a person to commit a mortal sin would be taking the mortal sin upon themselves, too. This sounds rather harsh. To do what is “right” is often tough love. But it is better than assisting people to go to hell and going to hell along with them. Think about it this way: a person can assist a bank robber by driving the get-away car; but both would be prosecuted by the law.

Life on this earth can be so difficult in our journey towards Heaven! We have to pray fervently for souls. St. Peter and St. James wrote, “[L]et those suffering in accordance with God’s will entrust themselves to a faithful Creator, while continuing to do good (1 Pet 4:19). My brothers and sisters, whenever you face trials of any kind, consider it nothing by joy, because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance; and let endurance have its full effect, so that you may be mature and complete, lacking in nothing” (Jas 1:2-4).

Redemptive Suffering

Jesus said, “Whoever serves Me must follow Me, and where I am, there will My servant be also. Whoever serves Me, the Father will honour (Jn 12:26). If any want to become My followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow Me. For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for My sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it. For what will it profit them to gain the whole world and forfeit their life?” (Mk 8:34-36).

We can make good use of all our trials and pain in redemptive suffering for the good of souls. Jesus often spoke to St. Faustina and told her to write His words in her Diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul. He therefore tells us how we can use redemptive suffering. He said, “Join your sufferings to My Passion and offer them to the heavenly Father for sinners” (Diary, 1032). We can bring this prayer to mind with each agony during the day while we suffer physically or mentally, for a certain soul, or for all souls throughout the world. We can also make a decision to make a loving sacrifice for souls, especially when it is not easy or convenient, and perform a difficult act of charity and mercy for someone in need. Then we can pray to Jesus to join our sacrifice to His Holy Passion for this soul. In this way we can experience with a sense of relief and some joy, knowing that our suffering isn’t for nothing, that it has great spiritual value and is doing some good. With the help of my priest spiritual director, I composed this prayer: Jesus, I offer to You all my sufferings and trials to be joined to Your Holy Passion and offered to our heavenly Father in reparation for my sins, for (names of people) and for all souls, in union with all the Holy Sacrifices of the Mass throughout the world today.

St. Faustina wrote, “During Holy Mass, I saw Jesus stretched out on the Cross, and He said to me, ‘My pupil, have great love for those who cause you suffering. Do good to those who hate you.’ I answered, ‘O my Master, You see very well that I feel no love for them, and that troubles me.’ Jesus answered, ‘It is not always within your power to control your feelings. You will recognize that you have love if, after having experienced annoyance and contradiction, you do not lose your peace, but pray for those who have made you suffer and wish them well’” (Diary, 1628).

 Towards the end of his life St. Paul wrote: “Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ on behalf of His Body, which is the Church” (Col 1:24). This is a wonderful mystery of our Church. Christ allows us to share in His redemptive suffering for all mankind, when we join our suffering in loving union to His Holy Passion on the Cross.

 St. John Paul II wrote in his Apostolic Letter Salvifici Doloris, The Christian Meaning of Human Suffering, 1984;  Part V- Sharers in the Suffering of Christ, 19, 24: “The Redeemer suffered in place of man and for man. Every man has his own share in the Redemption.  Each one is also called to share in that suffering through which the Redemption was accomplished. … In bringing about the Redemption through suffering, Christ has also raised human suffering to the level of the Redemption. Thus each man, in his suffering, can also become a sharer in the redemptive suffering of Christ. … The sufferings of Christ created the good of the world’s redemption. This good in itself is inexhaustible and infinite. No man can add anything to it. But at the same time, in the mystery of the Church as His Body, Christ has in a sense opened His own redemptive suffering to all human suffering. In so far as man becomes a sharer in Christ’s sufferings—in any part of the world and at any time in history—to that extent he in his own way completes the suffering through which Christ accomplished the Redemption of the world.”



The Purpose of Human Life

The Purpose of Human Life



By Lorraine Vincent

August 29, 2016

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Why am I here?

Where do we come from? Where are we going? What is life about? It is not uncommon to wonder about the meaning and purpose of life. Also, people may want to know more about God. That is because we all have a natural inclination, an inborn desire that is spirituality oriented towards the One True God. We have a feeling that there is some higher power. If human beings can’t learn of the One True God, they make up one or many gods. It’s a need to worship. “My soul thirsts for God, for the living God” (Ps 42:2). Our soul yearns for God, and drives us to search for Him.

Creation of Human Beings

The Judeo-Christian religion teaches us about the One True God, all knowing, infinitely wise and powerful. He created Heaven with all the angels, the universe and the Earth with all life including human beings. God created us with the highest intelligence, higher than any animal on earth. Our life is a gift from God. “When God created man, He made him in the likeness of God. Male and female He created them, and He blessed them and named them Man when they were created” (Gen 5:1-2). We are made in the image and likeness of God (see Catechism of the Catholic Church, CCC, 2319). At conception we are given an immoral soul that lives forever, a divine spark, a little piece of God within us.

Life is Short

Many people on earth are puzzled by death, wondering if there is life after death. Some believe in Reincarnation, that after death they will awake with a new body, be someone else, and over many successive lives become a god among many gods. Once again we see the yearning for God—that innate drive. The Truth is that we have only one life here on earth and our destiny is to be with the One True God in Heaven after we die. Human life on Earth may be really short or very long—over 100 years in length. Even at that, 100 years is short in comparison to life after death in eternity. God decides when we are conceived (when our life begins) and when we die. We have no control over when we will die, even though we try to extend our lives as much as we can. We know we must look after our health and care for our body (see 1 Cor 6:19). But our body is not to be our idol. It is a gift from God. It is God alone that we must adore. Even the most healthy, physically fit muscular person will die.

Created for God

We were created by God for God. God created human beings through an exuberance of love, so that after our death He could have all of us with Him in Heaven in everlasting joy, forever—our love joined with His love. God loves us infinitely. Heaven is our real home. St. Paul wrote, “Our citizenship is in Heaven” (Phil 3:20). Therefore, the purpose of life is to develop a personal relationship with God, become holy in union with God here on earth; and after this short life on earth, have everlasting life with God in Heaven in happiness for all eternity. St. Augustine of Hippo wrote, “For Thou hast made us for Thyself and our hearts were made for You, O Lord, and they are restless until they rest in You.”

Human life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God and it remains for ever in a special relationship with the Creator, who is its sole end” (CCC, 2258). Therefore, to deliberately kill an innocent person (abortion, euthanasia, etc.) is always a very serious wrong-doing, contrary to the will of God. In committing murder we reject the dignity of the human being and the holiness of our Creator (see CCC, 2261).

Free Will

Since our goal is to be in Heaven after we die, how do we get there? All human beings are gifted with free will by God Himself. He wants us to come to Him willingly and joyfully. During this life on earth, God wants us to love Him and obey His will—to love Him enough to do whatever He wants. There are two pathways in life. One is a self-centered do-whatever-we-want path, that leads to Hell with the devil and his demons. The other path is a more difficult do-the-will-of-God path, the only path that leads to God in Heaven (see Matt 7:13,14). Using our free will, the choice is ours to make. This is serious, because God created us with an immortal soul, and life after death lasts forever! So where do we want to be forever?

Search and Find

A good conscience isn’t automatic, it needs to be developed. Our task then is to try to deepen our faith—learn about God, believe in God, and learn what He wants us to do in life. To begin with, we have the Holy Bible, a gift from God, which contains the Ten Commandments in Deuteronomy Chapter 5 that give us the basic truths of the will of God. Both the Old and New Testaments contain holy spiritual wisdom throughout. The New Testament of the Bible, based on the life of Jesus Christ, is something we all must read and study. Jesus said, “I am the Way, and the Truth and the Life” (Jn 14:6).     

Also, we have the spiritual wealth of the Holy Catholic Church created by Jesus Christ, 2000 years ago, which teaches us the Truth in order to save souls. God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit guide the Church and its teaching Magisterium in the Vatican in Rome which publishes official documents and papal encyclicals. The Catechism of the Catholic Church is an excellent resource. It contains a lengthy detailed Subject Index of over 100 pages, to assist us in finding helpful information. Reading the lives of the saints is also very helpful. Another suggestion is to become an active part in the Church community: join parish group activities, Bible study, etc. Then we can make friends with other good Catholics, the Body of Christ, to help us along the way. We could also get to know some priests and find one in particular to be our spiritual director and confessor.

Live and Learn

We need to discern the will of God at every step of the way throughout our lives to serve Him and obey Him because God is all knowing and all loving, and knows what is best for us at every moment of every day. Jesus said, “Whoever serves Me, the Father will honour” (Jn 12:26). Our life is a journey, full of ups and downs. This life on earth is our testing ground to see if we can stay on the right path that leads to Heaven. To help us, God created us with an inner sense of what is right and what is wrong—the natural moral law (see CCC, 1951). When making serious decisions, a good question to ask ourselves is: What would Jesus do? Jesus said, “I am the Light of the world. Whoever follows Me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life” (Jn 8:12). St. Paul wrote, “Set your minds on things that are above, not on things that are on earth. Put to death, therefore, whatever in you is earthly: fornication [act of sexual intercourse between people who are not validly married], impurity [e.g. pornography], passion [obsession], evil desire, and greed (which is idolatry). On account of these the wrath of God is coming on those who are disobedient (Col 3:2,5,6). [S]eek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God (Col 3:1). For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also” (Matt 6:21).

Each day we have a new chance to try to put God first in life, in doing His will. But we are often tempted to do what is wrong. St. James wrote, “No one, when tempted, should say, ‘I am being tempted by God’: for God cannot be tempted by evil and He Himself tempts on one. But one is tempted by one’s own desire” (Jam 1:13,14). We need to constantly ask God for help. We often fail because we are all sinners. But our past is not our future. We can learn from our mistakes and proceed from there. Live and learn. We must never give up; take small steps consistently with faith in Jesus and never quit. If we stop, we will slide backwards. Jesus said, “Walk while you have the Light, so that the darkness may not overtake you” (Jn 12:35). Be courageous, Jesus is very compassionate and merciful and will forgive even the greatest sinner who repents! The Sacrament of Confession (Reconciliation) is a powerful gift of grace from Jesus, Who forgives our sins through the Catholic priest in the confessional. In this way we can be open to a lifelong call to conversion through Christ. Please read 1Tim 1:12-17, St. Paul’s personal experience from great sinner to servant of Christ.

We all have a different mission in life. Cardinal Newman said, “God has created me to do Him some definite service. He has committed some work to me which He has not committed to another. I have my mission. I am a link in a chain. I am a bond connection between people. He has not created me for nothing. I shall do good. I shall do His work.” In humility we must ask God to give us all we need to accept our way of life, and to live it well. Life is a learning experience. We will never “know it all”. Have you ever noticed that when you read a familiar Bible passage that you have known for years, you suddenly see a phrase and understand a truth that you have never experienced before? This is similar to events in our whole life. If we are open to receiving graces from God, we will constantly learn and improve in our spiritual life and behaviour. We can start each day with this positive thought and thank Jesus for the gift of the new day.


Prayer is communication with God, the foundation of spiritual life. Jesus is our Best Friend. We can simply talk to Him and ask Him for help to discern what we should do, or for help in what we are about to do. The simplest prayers to say throughout each day are: Jesus I love You, Jesus help me, Jesus thank You. The Catholic Dictionary defines “Prayer” as: “The voluntary response to the awareness of God’s presence. This response may be an acknowledgment of God’s greatness and of a person’s total dependence on Him (adoration), or gratitude for His benefits to oneself and others (thanksgiving), or sorrow for sins committed and begging for mercy (expiation), or asking for graces needed (petition), or affection for God, Who is all good (love). In other words, Prayer is a conversation with God, as stated above, by verbally or silently thinking of God and our relationship with Him.” The Lord’s Prayer (The Our Father) is particularly special as it was given to us by Jesus Himself. The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is the most powerful prayer. It encompasses all of the above and more.

In order to be united to God in all that we think, say or do, we have to pray every day, in silence, in meditation for at least an hour a day—even if we have to get up in the middle of the night to be alone in silence. In this way, with our hearts and minds lovingly fixed on Him, we can be open to what Jesus inspires us to do. We can also ask Mary, the Mother of Jesus, and the angels and saints to pray (intercede) for us. There are many prayers written for us throughout the centuries, for example I particularly like The Holy Rosary and The Stations of the Cross.

We must also pray for other people—those struggling here on earth and for the souls being purified in the fire of Purgatory. I like to pray the Novena of Chaplets to The Divine Mercy for all people. St. James wrote, “The prayer of the righteous is powerful and effective” (Jam 5:16). In the Lord’s Prayer we pray, “Forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us.” Jesus said that we have to pray for the souls of the people who have sinned against us. “I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be children of your Father in heaven” (Matt 5:44,45). On the Cross Jesus prayed for His enemies, “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing” (Lk 23:34). Our Catechism tells us, “It is not in our power not to feel or to forget an offense; but the heart that offers itself to the Holy Spirit turns injury into compassion and purifies the memory in transforming the hurt into intercession [prayer]” (CCC, 2843). Therefore, we should pray fervently for the souls of people who have hurt us; and in this way we will forgive them from our heart.

The Meaning of Human Suffering

God did not promise us a life without suffering. In fact, God disciplines us for our own good, to purify us and guide us to do His will. St. Paul wrote, “Rejoice in hope, be patient in suffering, persevere in prayer. …knowing that suffering produces endurance, and endurance produces character, and character produces hope” (Rom 12:12, 5:3,4).

God also shows us how to make good use of our suffering. “In bringing about the Redemption through suffering, Christ has also raised human suffering to the level of the Redemption. Thus each man, in his suffering, can also become a sharer in the redemptive suffering of Christ” (Salvifici Doloris, The Christian Meaning of Human Suffering, Part V-19, by St. John Paul II). Jesus spoke to St. Faustina Kowalska (1905-1938) about Redemptive Suffering—how by an act of the will, we can use our sufferings and trials to save souls. He said, “You will join prayers, fasts, mortifications, labors and all sufferings to My prayer, fasting, mortification, labors and sufferings and then they will have power before My Father” (Diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul, 531). Therefore, we can offer our sacrifices and sufferings to Jesus on the Cross to cooperate in the redemption of mankind as we pray for souls.

Jesus said, “If any want to become My followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow Me. For those who want to save their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for My sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it. For what will it profit them to gain the whole world and forfeit their life [in heaven]” (Mk 8:34-36). St. Peter wrote, “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal that is taking place among you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. But rejoice in so far as you are sharing Christ’s sufferings (1 Pet 4:12,13). [I]f you endure when you do right and suffer for it, you have God’s approval (1 Pet 2:20). For Christ also suffered for sins once for all, the Righteous for the unrighteous, in order to bring you to God (1 Pet 3:18). Cast all your anxiety on Him, because He cares about you. Discipline yourselves; keep alert” (1 Pet 5:7,8).

Helping Others

“One cannot adore God without loving all men, His creatures” (CCC, 2069). Jesus said, “This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you” (Jn 15:12). We can love others by recognizing the dignity of every human person, and lift up each person as the image of God in front of us. During our journey of life on Earth we will be inspired by God to help others, to perform good deeds. By doing what He asks of us, we give glory to God. St. Alphonsus Liguori wrote, “For our works to be good and perfect, they must be done for the sole purpose of pleasing God”. The Corporal Acts of Mercy are: Feed the Hungry, Give Drink to the Thirsty, Clothe the Naked, Visit the Imprisoned, Shelter the Homeless, Visit the Sick, Bury the Dead.

Proclaim the Truth

We should ask ourselves this question: Are we unnoticed in the world as being different? If not, then we are not different enough! “Our duty toward God is to believe in Him and bear witness to Him” (CCC, 2087). We, who have grown in knowledge in the teachings of the Holy Catholic Church and grown in our relationship with Christ, have a responsibility to be a good witness in our society, and help restore a Christian way of thinking and living. Mother Angelica of the Poor Clares, said, “God wants you to be in the world, but so different from the world that you will change it. Get cracking.” This requires some effort on our part. Our labours will involve some trials and suffering to save souls. It can be difficult. Temptations to quit trying and give up are always swarming around us. The devil does not want us to promote the Word and Christian values.  Perhaps we would rather go down the easy path, turn our back on God and prefer to “fit in” with our secular society. Jesus warned us, “Those who are ashamed of Me and of My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, of them the Son of Man will also be ashamed when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels” (Mk 8:38). God wants good people to go out into the world and proclaim the Truth. Those who have been given much, much will be expected. But take heart, God will reward us for our efforts.

The Spiritual Acts of Mercy are: Admonish the Sinner, Instruct the Ignorant, Counsel the Doubtful, Comfort the Sorrowful, Bear Wrongs Patiently, Forgive All Injuries, Pray for the Living and the Dead. It is too little just to get to Heaven ourselves. We need to work at bringing others to Heaven, too. Life, therefore, becomes joyful, despite sufferings and trials. We will die with a smile on our lips and be welcomed into Heaven, into the arms of Jesus!

Conclusion—The Purpose of Human Life

“God, infinitely perfect and blessed in Himself, in a plan of sheer goodness freely created man to make him share in His own blessed life. For this reason, at every time and in every place, God draws close to man. He calls man to seek Him, to know Him, to love Him with all his strength. He calls together all men, scattered and divided by sin, into the unity of His family, the Church. To accomplish this, when the fullness of time had come, God sent His Son as Redeemer and Savior. In His Son and through Him, He invites men to become, in the Holy Spirit, His adopted children and thus heirs of His blessed life” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1).


Complete Pardon to Souls

Complete Pardon to Souls

Divine Mercy Sunday


By Lorraine Vincent

March 27, 2016

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The Divine Mercy

Our Lord Jesus Christ is The Divine Mercy. Jesus wants His message of mercy to be spread throughout the world. We have a tapestry of Jesus, The Divine Mercy, at the front of Blessed Sacrament Church; and there is a picture of The Divine Mercy near the front of St. Mary’s Church. Jesus spoke to St. Faustina many times about His Sacred Image. Jesus said: “I am offering people a vessel with which they are to keep coming for graces to the fountain of mercy. That vessel is this image with the signature: ‘Jesus, I trust in You’” (Diary, 327). The rays of graces streaming from His Heart represent the love and mercy that Jesus has for us, and His great desire to save souls. Jesus said, “By means of this image I shall grant many graces to souls” (Diary, 742).

St. Faustina

Jesus chose Saint Maria Faustina Kowalska (1905-1938) to write down all His words in her Diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul, and requested that she promote His message of Divine Mercy (see Diary, 1142). Jesus said to her, “I desire that the first Sunday after Easter be the Feast of Mercy” (Diary, 299).

Therefore, when Saint John Paul II canonized Saint Faustina on April 30, 2000, he stated during his homily: “The Second Sunday of Easter (which is the first Sunday after Easter) from now on throughout the Church will be called ‘Divine Mercy Sunday.’” Also, through Jesus’ words to St. Faustina, our Holy Catholic Church has promoted The Divine Mercy message and devotion including works of mercy, throughout the universal Church.

St. Faustina wrote this prayer: “O most sweet Jesus, who have deigned to allow miserable me to gain a knowledge of Your unfathomable mercy; O most sweet Jesus who have graciously demanded that I tell the whole world of Your incomprehensible mercy, this day I take into my hands the two rays that spring from Your merciful Heart; that is, the Blood and the Water; and I scatter them all over the globe so that each soul may receive Your mercy and, having received it, may glorify it for endless ages” (Diary, 836).

Our Time in Purgatory can be Cancelled

Divine Mercy Sunday is a very special day.   If we follow the directives of our Catholic Church we can have all our sins forgiven, and our time in Purgatory cancelled. Jesus said, “I want to grant a complete pardon to the souls that will go to Confession and receive Holy Communion on the Feast of My Mercy” (Diary, 1109, 699).  On all other days of the year the Sacrament of Reconciliation forgives sins, saves us from Hell and reconciles us with God so we can receive His graces; but it does not take away our time in Purgatory. Our Catechism of the Catholic Church, 1472, 1473, states: “Every sin, even venial, entails an unhealthy attachment to creatures, which must be purified either here on earth, or after death in the state called Purgatory”This suffering in Purgatory cleanses the soul completely and prepares the repentant sinner to go to Heaven.

Divine Mercy Sunday is the greatest day of the year for us sinners. On this day Jesus has promised to totally forgive all sins and take away all punishment in Purgatory—“complete pardon”—for those who “go to Confession and receive Holy Communion” worthily, free from mortal sin, and with a humble heart on this special day. During the Divine Mercy Sunday Mass we should pray for the intentions of Pope Francis. We should also admit we are sinners, have the determination to start anew, and make a commitment to continuous conversion.

Therefore, having fulfilled the Church’s directives, all our sins and punishment in Purgatory are removed on this day, from when we were born up to this point in time. However, it also means that from this day on, we will have to suffer in Purgatory for any future sins, until we go to Divine Mercy Sunday to Confession and Holy Communion the following year. So every year on this special day, we can be wiped completely clean.

Pope Benedict XVI stated that we can go to Confession in Lent, and during the week before Divine Mercy Sunday; because a priest cannot cope with 500 people all wanting to go to Confession on that one day.  So let us fulfill the conditions set by our Church, receive Holy Communion on Divine Mercy Sunday, and take advantage of this marvellous offering.

The Divine Mercy Novena of Chaplets

Jesus requested that we prepare for Divine Mercy Sunday by reciting His novena of Chaplets of Divine Mercy (on the beads of the Rosary), beginning on Good Friday, and continuing for nine days until the first Sunday after Easter. In this way we can offer our intentions to The Divine Mercy and pray for souls.

St. Faustina heard these words: ‘This prayer will serve to appease My wrath. You will recite it for nine days, on the beads of the rosary, in the following manner: First of all, you will say one OUR FATHER and HAIL MARY and the I BELIEVE IN GOD. Then on the OUR FATHER beads you will say the following words: “Eternal Father, I offer You the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your dearly beloved Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ, in atonement for our sins and those of the whole world.” On the HAIL MARY beads you will say the following words: “For the sake of His sorrowful Passion have mercy on us and on the whole world.” In conclusion, three times you will recite these words: “Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy on us and on the whole world”’ (Diary, 476).

Jesus gave us His intentions for His novena of Chaplets of Divine Mercy. St. Faustina recorded His words for each of the nine days of the novena; and added a prayer for each day focusing on each intention. This special novena of Jesus’ intentions can be found in her Diary in numbers 1209 to 1229.

Pray The Divine Mercy Chaplet Daily

St. Faustina also wrote about the value of The Divine Mercy Chaplet when prayed throughout the year: “I heard these words in my soul: “Say unceasingly the chaplet that I have taught you. Whoever will recite it will receive great mercy at the hour of death. Priests will recommend it to sinners as their last hope of salvation. Even if there were a sinner most hardened, if he were to recite this chaplet only once, he would receive grace from My infinite mercy. I desire that the whole world know My infinite mercy. I desire to grant unimaginable graces to those souls who trust in My mercy (Diary, 687). Through the chaplet you will obtain everything, if what you ask for is compatible with My will” (Diary, 1731).

Jesus said, “Oh, what great graces I will grant to souls who say this chaplet; the very depths of My tender mercy are stirred for the sake of those who say the chaplet … let all mankind recognize My unfathomable mercy. It is a sign for the End Times; after it will come the Day of Justice. While there is still time, let them have recourse to the fount of My mercy; let them profit from the Blood and Water which gushed forth for them” (Diary, 848).

We can pray The Divine Mercy Chaplet at three o’clock, the time when Jesus died on the Cross. St. Faustina wrote: “During Holy Mass, I saw the Lord Jesus nailed upon the Cross amidst great torments. A soft moan issued from His Heart. After some time, He said, “I thirst. I thirst for the salvation of souls. Help Me, My daughter, to save souls. Join your sufferings to My Passion and offer them to the heavenly Father for sinners” (Diary, 1032). Jesus said, “At three o’clock, implore My mercy, especially for sinners; and, if only for a brief moment, immerse yourself in My Passion, particularly in My abandonment at the moment of agony [death on the Cross]. This is the hour of great mercy for the whole world. I …will refuse nothing to the soul that makes a request of Me in virtue of My Passion” (Diary, 1320).

Continue to Go to Confession Once a Month

Having received the gift of “Complete Pardon to Souls” on Divine Mercy Sunday, we have to be careful not to lapse into complacency, and old sinful habits. It is a good idea to go to confession once a month, whether we have to confess a mortal sin or not. Besides the wonderful graces we receive from God, we also receive a wealth of spiritual guidance from the priest in the confessional. The experience keeps us on the right track and renews our commitment to continuous conversion.

Jesus spoke to St. Faustina Kowalska about the Sacrament of Reconciliation. She wrote in her Diary that Jesus said to her: “Pray for souls that they be not afraid to approach the tribunal of My mercy [the Sacrament of Reconciliation]. Do not grow weary of praying for sinners. You know what a burden their souls are to My Heart. Relieve My deathly sorrow; dispense My mercy. …Write, speak of My mercy. Tell souls where they are to look for solace; that is, in the Tribunal of Mercy [the Sacrament of Reconciliation]. There the greatest miracles take place [and] are incessantly repeated. 

“To avail oneself of this miracle, it is not necessary to go on a great pilgrimage or to carry out some external ceremony; it suffices to come with faith to the feet of My representative [a Catholic priest] and to reveal to him one’s misery, and the miracle of Divine Mercy will be fully demonstrated. Were a soul like a decaying corpse so that from a human standpoint, there would be no [hope of] restoration and everything would already be lost, it is not so with God. The miracle of Divine Mercy [the Sacrament of Reconciliation] restores that soul in full” (Diary, 975, 1448).

Jesus spoke these words to St. Faustina: “Have confidence, My child. Do not lose heart in coming for pardon, for I am always ready to forgive you. As often as you beg for it, you glorify My mercy (Diary, 1488). I cannot punish even the greatest sinner if he makes an appeal to My compassion, but on the contrary, I justify him in My unfathomable and inscrutable mercy (Diary, 1146). Know that as often as you come to Me, humbling yourself and asking My forgiveness, I pour out a superabundance of graces on your soul, and your imperfection vanishes before My eyes, and I see only your love and your humility. You lose nothing but gain much (Diary, 1293).

“I cannot love a soul which is stained with sin; but when it repents, there is no limit to My generosity toward it. My mercy embraces and justifies it. With My mercy, I pursue sinners along all their paths, and My Heart rejoices when they return to Me. I forget the bitterness with which they fed My Heart and rejoice at their return… Tell sinners that I am always waiting for them, that I listen intently to the beating of their heart. When will it beat for Me? Write, that I am speaking to them through their remorse of conscience, through their failures and sufferings, through thunderstorms, through the voice of the Church” (Diary, 1728).

“In the Old Covenant I sent prophets wielding thunderbolts to My people. Today I am sending you with My mercy to the people of the whole world. I do not want to punish aching mankind, but I desire to heal it, pressing it to My Merciful Heart. I use punishment when they themselves force Me to do so; My hand is reluctant to take hold of the sword of justice. Before the Day of Justice I am sending the Day of Mercy” (Diary, 1588).


Messages of Mercy

Messages of Mercy


By Lorraine Vincent

February 1, 2016

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Jubilee Year of Mercy

Pope Francis, throughout his pontificate has been emphasizing the need for mercy throughout the world. He proclaimed that this is the Jubilee Year of Mercy, beginning December 8, 2015 and extending to November 20, 2016. He continues to stress that we must have mercy on people in need, according to the will of God. Some people refer to him as the Mercy Pope.

Jubilee Indulgence of the Year of Mercy

Pope Francis March2014Pope Francis also has instituted a special Jubilee Indulgence of the Year of Mercy. Our Catholic Church can grant indulgences. Our time spent in Purgatory, after our death, can be reduced or removed with indulgences that are concrete steps toward conversion here on earth. The earning of indulgences cannot be only external gestures, done superficially, but must be a process of interior growth toward actual detachment from sin. Therefore, Catholics must follow certain prescribed conditions set down by the Church. Our Catechism of the Catholic Church offers lots of information on indulgences in numbers 1471, 1472, 1478, and 1479.

Pastoral Directives for the Archdiocesan Celebration of the Jubilee Year of Mercy

Our Archdiocese of Regina, through the authority of Archbishop Daniel Bohan (now deceased) and Fr. James Owolagba, Chancellor, has authorized means for the faithful to receive the Jubilee Indulgence of the Year of Mercy. The following are excerpts from their document entitled, Pastoral Directives for the Archdiocesan Celebration of the Jubilee Year of Mercy.

  1. All those who pass through the Holy Doors of Holy Rosary Cathedral, Regina, and the co-cathedral at Our Lady of Assumption, Gravelbourg, and are seeking God’s mercy through the sacraments of Reconciliation and Eucharist, who show God’s love and forgiveness and who show deep desire for true conversion and who pray the Apostles Creed and for the Pope’s intention, would be granted the Jubilee Indulgence of the Year of Mercy as declared by Pope Francis.
  2. Likewise, this Indulgence may be obtained by all pilgrims who during the Year of Mercy visit any of the Shrines located in the Archdiocese of Regina.
  3. Those for whom, for various reasons, it will be impossible to enter the Holy Doors or visit a shrine, particularly the sick and people who are elderly and alone or are in nursing homes or in prison, if they receive Holy Communion or attend Holy Mass and community prayer, even though by means of the various communication media, it will be for them the means of obtaining the Jubilee Indulgence.

If you are interested in obtaining more information on indulgences, go back to “Columnists” and you will find “Indulgences” a detailed article that I wrote, dated June 7, 2015.

The Divine Mercy Message

St. John Paul II has also been called the Mercy Pope. This is because he was instrumental in spreading the Devotion to the Divine Mercy throughout our universal Catholic Church. Before he was elected Pope, he was Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, Archbishop of Cracow, Poland, a great man of mercy. Cardinal Wojtyla became familiar with the life and diary of Sister Faustina Kowalska of the Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy in Warsaw, Poland. He was convinced of her holiness. She lived from 1905 to 1938. After he was elected Pope John Paul II, he canonized her as St. Maria Faustina Kowalska of the Blessed Sacrament. It all happened this way…

At the age of 20 years old, Helena Kowalska entered the convent of the Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy in Warsaw, Poland. Then on April 30, 1926, Helena took the veil and received the name Sister Maria Faustina. In those early days Sister Faustina often heard the voice of Jesus and also saw Him speaking to her. She loved Jesus immensely. She also saw and received help from the Blessed Virgin Mary.

In the following years, Jesus appeared countless times to St. Faustina. Jesus told her that He is the Divine Mercy and she was to be His secretary. She was to keep a dairy to write down everything He said, in order to spread His message of mercy. St. Faustina called her diary Divine Mercy in My Soul. St. Faustina’s diary was published with her thoughts and visions numbered separately, for our reference. In her diary entry number 1732, Jesus said, “From her will come the spark that will prepare the world for My final coming.” This diary has a wealth of spiritual guidance about our Catholic faith. For example, we can read about the value of Holy Mass, the Sacraments, the value of redemptive human suffering, the immeasurable mercy of Jesus to repentant souls, prayers to the Divine Mercy and information on Divine Mercy Sunday.

God chose another great man, Fr. Michal Sopocko, now proclaimed Blessed, to be her confessor and spiritual director, and assist her in the accomplishment of her prophetic mission. The Divine Mercy Message, the Image and the Divine Mercy Chaplet, began to spread after her death at 33 years of age.

Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, Archbishop of Cracow, Poland, started her Process of Beatification by completing the diocesan information process and sending the documentation to Rome on September 20, 1967. Cardinal Karol Wojtyla was later elected Pope John Paul II. In 1980 he released his encyclical letter Dives in Misericordia, The Mercy of God. Then he canonized St. Faustina Maria Kowalska, to be the first saint of the year 2000. At the canonization ceremony he introduced the world to the Devotion to the Divine Mercy. Also, he proclaimed that Divine Mercy Sunday be celebrated on the first Sunday after Easter throughout the universal Church, to draw people to the merciful Heart of Jesus.

Now, the whole world has Christ’s great message of mercy and two wonderful saints to intercede for us—St. Faustina and St. John Paul II. We also have our current man of mercy, Pope Francis. Let us not forget to pray for him and for his intentions.


The Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God

The Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God


By Lorraine Vincent

December 19, 2015

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Almighty God, our Creator, loved us right from the beginning of time, desired our salvation, and planned for it. The Blessed Virgin Mary was predestined to be the Mother of Jesus, the only Son of God the Father. “To become the Mother of the Saviour, Mary was enriched by God with gifts appropriate to such a role” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, CCC, 490). Therefore when Mary was born, she was “preserved immune from all stain of original sin. … The Father blessed Mary more than any other created person in Christ with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places and chose her in Christ before the foundation of the world, to be holy and blameless before Him in love (CCC, 491,492).

On November 21 our Catholic Church celebrates the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Mary’s parents were Joachim and Anne, of the House of David, and lived in Nazareth. They were elderly and had been childless for many years when they received a heavenly message that they would bear a child. In thanksgiving for the gift of their daughter, Mary, they brought her to the Temple in Jerusalem to offer her to God in fulfillment of a vow.

“This feast originated … in Jerusalem in 543. An apocryphal source recounts that Mary’s parents brought their three-year-old daughter to the Temple in Jerusalem to offer her to God, as was the custom. Inspired by a priest’s vision, they left her there to serve God. This custom continued for centuries. The feast entered the Western calendar in 1585” (Living with Christ, Novalis, November).

Mary, raised in the Temple, was educated by the priests and doctors of the Temple. Therefore, she was familiar with the scriptures about the coming of the Messiah and the great tortures he would have to endure to save mankind – “He was despised and rejected by others; a man of suffering, and acquainted with infirmity … he poured out himself to death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors” (Isai 53:3, 12). Mary remained in the Temple until puberty, at which time Joseph was appointed to be her future spouse. Then she returned home to Nazareth. Therefore, when the Archangel Gabriel told her that she was chosen to be the mother of the Messiah, she knew the burden of suffering that the mother would have to endure. Her “Fiat” in agreement shows the strength of her character and her great holiness.

“[F]rom all eternity God chose for the mother of His Son a daughter of Israel, a young Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee, a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the House of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary” (CCC, 488).

The Archangel Gabriel was sent by God to speak to Mary. “And he came to her and said, ‘Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you!’ ” (Lk 1:28). The Blessed Virgin Mary was indeed full of God’s graces because she was humble and open to receiving them. When Gabriel announced that she would be the mother of Jesus, “Mary said to the angel, ‘How can this be, since I have no husband?’ And the angel said to her, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God’ ” (Lk 1:34,35). Our Church teaches us about Mary’s perpetual virginity, in that Mary remained a virgin her whole life. She is “Mary, Ever-virgin” (CCC, 499).

We have much to learn by studying the life of the Blessed Virgin Mary. She loved God with all her heart and soul. She was willing to accept inconvenient and painful circumstances, and had a firm disposition to do good works for the glory of God. Life was not easy for her. She had to cooperate with God’s will. Like us, she had a choice. She had free will.

Right from the Annunciation things started to get difficult. Joseph and Mary were not married yet, only betrothed; and Joseph had not yet been informed by God that she was pregnant with Jesus. They should get married right away, because society at that time stoned women who were pregnant outside of marriage. But Mary knew that God can do anything and He would help her, so she decided to leave everything in God’s hands. She focused her attention on others. Immediately she hurried to help her cousin Elizabeth whom the Archangel Gabriel said was six months pregnant in her old age.

When Mary arrived, the two women had a very joyful first encounter. How wonderful that God had inspired Elizabeth with the knowledge that Mary was pregnant with the Son of God (see Lk 1:41-45). Mary stayed to help her cousin until after John the Baptist was born. So both women found moral support in each other. That was great. However, Zechariah, Elizabeth’s husband, had a big problem. Zechariah had recently become mute, unable to speak. Several months ago when he was serving in the Temple, the Archangel Gabriel appeared to him and told him that he and his elderly wife were going to give birth to John (the Baptist), who was to be the precursor of the Messiah. Good news. But Zechariah, a priest of the Temple, didn’t belief the angel. As a result the powerful Archangel Gabriel punished him, depriving him of speech (see Lk 1:5-23).

I imagine that Elizabeth was also upset. And Mary, in spite of problems of her own, would have selflessly tried to comfort them both with loving care. Zechariah couldn’t speak until the eighth day after John was born, when the baby was to receive a name. When Zechariah asked for a writing tablet and wrote, “His name is John,” he was immediately able to speak. Filled with the Holy Spirit he prophesied about his child who would be a prophet to prepare the way for the coming of the Messiah (see Lk 1:57-80).

After this event, Mary made the long journey back home, about four months pregnant with Jesus, probably riding on a donkey, bouncing along up and down hills for more than 90 miles, and for many days! Then, when she arrived in Nazareth, a serious problem arose. Joseph noticed she was pregnant. Since she was not yet married to Joseph, he thought that Mary had been unfaithful, was very hurt and upset, and decided to repudiate (reject) her privately (see Matt 1:18-25), probably so that she wouldn’t be stoned to death. Mary would have suffered being aware of how upset Joseph was. Finally after some days, Joseph was informed by God in a dream that Mary was pregnant with Jesus the Son of God, by the power of the Holy Spirit, and was told to marry her. Mary endured all this, forgave and trusted in God.

Living in humble poverty with Joseph, Mary awaited the birth of the Redeemer.

She knew that Scripture foretold that the Saviour would be born in Bethlehem in Judea. Meanwhile, she was living in Nazareth, near the end of her ninth month of pregnancy. She waited for God, whom she loved so deeply, to provide the solution. Miraculously Caesar announced the census and they HAD to go to Bethlehem, the place of their ancestors. Joyful and yet with many trials, Mary, nine months pregnant, rode on a donkey, jerked and jostled for more than 80 miles to Bethlehem for many days, and in winter! Mary forgave the bouncy donkey. She forgave Joseph for not arranging a more comfortable trip.

Yes, then it got worse. Arriving in Bethlehem, cold and exhausted, not to mention the discomfort, she discovered that Joseph couldn’t get a place for them to stay! The fact that there was no room for them in the inn, demonstrates to us that we must have compassion on the poor, on the needy in our midst, and help those around us. We know that someone did come to the aid of the Holy Couple and direct them to shelter. Joseph took her, still on the donkey, to a stable. Mary accepted the poor stable as providential. Would we have? Because after all, Jesus was not born outside by the side of the road—they had the minimum shelter necessary. Mary, pure in heart, accepted God’s Providence with love and humility and in peace. There she gave birth to Jesus in the cold of the winter night, in the straw! Did Mary understand God’s reason for providing a poor stable? Theologians say that God the Father wanted Jesus to be born in abject poverty to teach all mankind that material wealth isn’t important, only spiritual wealth and doing the will of God, no matter what. I don’t know if Mary understood all that. But she persevered and trusted in God. He can look after our material needs, no matter how bleak everything appears. We must remember to pray, to ask and trust in Him, accepting His answer, even though it may surprise us. Mary and Joseph didn’t ask for the stable specifically, but they accepted it willingly, as God provided it. God will provide what we “need”, not necessarily what we “want”. They were humble before God. They gave thanks. They had Jesus!!

God, the Father, announced the birth of Jesus, His Son, in ways that were truly magnificent and awe inspiring.

The heavens burst forth with joy. “And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying, ‘Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men of good will’ ” (Lk 2:13-14). Then the shepherds arrived at the stable, told Mary and Joseph about the wonderful chorus of angels and knelt and adored Baby Jesus. They brought with them their humble gifts which Joseph and Mary appreciated so much. The shepherds then spread the word in Bethlehem, and soon the Holy Family was welcomed into a house.

When Jesus was 40 days old, the Holy Family went to Jerusalem; because all firstborn male babies in Israel had to be presented to the priests in the Temple. While they were there, the elderly Simeon arrived, inspired by the Holy Spirit, and spoke to Mary and Joseph, rejoicing that he received God’s blessing to be able to see the Saviour before he died. He told Mary of her future suffering and the suffering of her Son. A sword pierced her heart. At the same time, Anna the prophetess, who lived in the Temple and was 84 years old, came to speak to them praising God.

The arrival of the Three Magi to adore the Baby God-King in Bethlehem was the result of a series of miraculous events.

On Jan. 6 our Church celebrates the Epiphany Day of the Lord.

God the Father created for His Son a wonderful new Star on the occasion of His birth, which moved across the sky. The Three Wise Men, all from different countries, recognized it as the Star of the new born Messiah. With no thought of the great expense, time and effort it would cost them, they set out in search of the Messiah, in order to go to worship Him. Today, we see that the Magi represent all people around the world who search for and come to believe in Christ the King.

All Three Magi, followed the same Star, and all miraculously arrived at the same time in Jerusalem to see King Herod. But the Star was not made visible in Jerusalem. They asked, “ ‘Where is the newborn king of the Jews?  We observed His star at its rising and have come to pay Him homage.’ …After the audience with the king, they set out. The Star which they had observed at its rising went ahead of them until it came to a standstill over the place where the Child was. They were overjoyed at seeing the Star, and on entering the house found the Child with Mary, His mother. They prostrated themselves and did Him homage. Then they opened their coffers and presented Him with gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh” (Matt 2:2, 9-11). Rejoicing they left. They were warned in a dream to go back to their countries by an unknown route in order to avoid Herod’s men and their evil intent. God looked after the Magi, body and soul.

After the Magi left Bethlehem, Joseph received the warning in a dream, about King Herod’s plans to try to kill Jesus. (Dec. 28 is the Feast of the Holy Innocents.) Mary was not given this information by God. Joseph told her. Mary did not crave knowledge, wanting to be in control. She was determined to accept the limited knowledge given to her and only what material comfort that was provided for her. She had a strong will. She loved and trusted God. When Joseph told her of his dream in the middle of the night, she was obedient, and acted immediately. A sword pierced Mary’s heart. The Holy Family left on donkeys, heading for Egypt, not having much specific information. (Dec. 30 is the Feast of the Holy Family.) They believed that God would guide them, and accepted that God was in control. The precious gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh were providential. Mary and Joseph would need the gifts during their years of exile in Egypt. They would need a home and money, until Joseph could find work in order to support his little family. Not only that, after the death of Herod, some years later, when Joseph was told by God to go back to Israel, he needed the remainder of the money for the trip back home (see Matt 2:13-23). Our loving God thought of everything! Mary and Joseph prayed, obeyed and hoped in God.

On January 1st our Catholic Church celebrates the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God.

Therefore, as we pray the Holy Rosary, let us ask Mary, Queen over all things, Mother of God, Mother of the Church, Advocate, Helper, Benefactress, Mediatrix, our Mother, to pray for us that we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ (see Catechism of the Catholic Church CCC, 963, 966, 969, 971). Life on earth is short. May Jesus help us to remain faithful as we journey here on earth towards His heavenly Kingdom. We thank our Holy Mother Mary for her examples of holiness and for leading us to her Son by saying, “Do whatever He tells you” (Jn 2:5).

“By the grace of God, Mary remained free of every personal sin her whole life long” (CCC, 493). She chose to remain faithful to the end. But with great spiritual gifts come great responsibilities. Mary stood beside the Cross to comfort her Son and give Him moral support to do the Father’s will in the work of salvation. Mary forgave, “joining herself with His sacrifice in her mother’s heart, and lovingly consented to the immolation of this Victim, born of her” (CCC, 964).

During this Christmas Season as we celebrate the birth of our Saviour, let us contemplate the mystery of God’s infinite love for us. We can thoroughly prepare to receive Jesus at each Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. We consume Him, the Person of Jesus Christ, in the Most Blessed Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist. He enters our body and soul. This Christmas, in humility before God, we cry out: “Thank you, Jesus, for the gift of Yourself!”

Deliver Us from Evil

“Deliver us from Evil” The Lord’s Prayer . . .


By Lorraine Vincent

September 23, 2015

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The Lord’s Prayer concludes with the powerful words, “deliver us from evil”. Jesus gave us His prayer to His Father in Heaven because He loves us. He wants to save us from evil and help us in our journey here on earth towards everlasting life in Heaven. He died on the Most Holy Cross for us. He took all our sins upon Himself and sacrificed Himself for us, making reparation and reconciling us with God the Father, thus enabling us to enter His Kingdom in Heaven. “Herein is love:  not that we loved God, but that He [the Father] loved us and sent His Son as expiation for our sins” (1 John 4:10).

Another example of God’s love for us is that all of mankind is endowed with a divine and natural moral law written in our hearts by the Creator. We are given an inborn sense of right and wrong. “It hinges upon the desire for God and submission to Him, Who is the source and judge of all …” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 27, 37, 1955).  

So why don’t all souls go to Heaven and why do some souls go to Hell? We pray, “Our Father … deliver us from evil”. So what’s happening? First of all, we are all endowed with free will. God created all the angels and all of mankind with the freedom to think and act. Secondly, we are surrounded by temptations to stray from what is good. This life on earth is not easy. It is indeed a struggle.

The devil and his demons are eager to lead us into the fires of Hell for eternal torture. They hate God; and because God loves us, they hate us. They try to influence us to be full of egoism and selfishness, rebellious and proud, with no love for God. But since we have free will to think and do what we want, we have a choice:  to follow God or the devil while our earthly life lasts.

Jesus says He is the Way, the Truth and the Life (see John 14:6); and to follow Jesus requires every effort on our part, plus patience, despite difficulties. The greater our struggles and the more we win our battles against temptations, the stronger and more developed our will power to seek God becomes. This whole thing is a process. This is the path towards respect and love for God. God wants “to deliver us from evil.” God gave us the Ten Commandments in the Old Testament and the Beatitudes in the New Testament. Also, Jesus, the Son of God, gave us His Church which includes the Holy Bible, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the Pope and the teaching Magisterium of the Church. And Jesus sent us the Holy Spirit to guide us. We need to take the time to learn and to pray, so that we can serve God and obey Him.

Serve? Obey? That sounds harsh. But it is true. How can God “deliver us from evil” if we are rebellious and refuse to follow the right path? God will not force us into Heaven. We have free will. Therefore, pride and arrogance to do what we want and not what God wants, can lead us down a slippery slope into Hell—sad, but true.

However, all is not lost if we begin to develop humility before God—to realize that God is supreme. He rules. He is greater than we are. He is all-knowing. We don’t know all that much at all. He is the teacher, our guide. God is the Creator of all things, the cosmos, everything, including us of course. If we accept the truth of this, how can we not have humility when thinking of God? Can we still be arrogant and think we know more than God?

We need the great virtue of humility to admit that we can be in error, that we do sin. Also, when we are wrong, we have to admit that God and His Church are right. God said, “I reprove and discipline those whom I love. Be earnest, therefore, and repent” (Revelation 3:19). “[L]et the wicked forsake their way, and the unrighteous their thoughts; let them return to the LORD, that He may have mercy on them, and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon. ‘For My thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways’, says the LORD. ‘For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts’” (Isaiah 55:7-9).

Jesus said to His disciples, “If any want to become My followers, let them deny themselves and take up their cross and follow Me. For those who want to save their life [on earth] will lose it [in Heaven], and those who lose their [earthly] life for My sake, and for the sake of the gospel, will save it [in Heaven]. For what will it profit them to gain the whole word and forfeit their life [for eternity in Heaven]?” (Mark 8:34-36). “What is your [earthly] life? For you are a mist that appears for a little while and then vanishes. Instead you ought to say, ‘If the Lord wishes, we will live and do this or that’” (James 4:14, 15). God can “deliver us from evil”, if we cooperate with Him, ask for His help and try to do His will, that is, to obey Him and to serve Him.

While we try to do God’s will, we must brace ourselves to endure suffering. The Apostle St. Peter, our first pope, said, “Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal that is taking place among you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you. But rejoice in so far as you are sharing Christ’s sufferings … Keep your conscience clear … For it is better to suffer for doing good, if suffering should be God’s will, than to suffer for doing evil. For Christ also suffered for sins once for all, the Righteous for the unrighteous, in order to bring you to God …” (1 Peter 4:12,13; 3:16-18).

Catholics have been given a great gift from God to “deliver us from evil”—the Sacrament of Reconciliation. If we can muster up the courage and the humility to confess our sins to a Catholic priest, it would certainly be a step in the right direction. Through this wonderful Sacrament, God’s love and mercy shine forth. God acts through the Catholic priest. God forgives our sins and we are strengthened by His graces. We should go to confession at least once a month, with the commitment to continuous conversion. In this way God will continue to guide us, and we will have peace of mind. Therefore, we can trust in God, Who knows what is best for us, and keep our eyes fixed on the person of Jesus Christ and our heavenly goal.

We can deepen our faith when we study the Catechism of the Catholic Church, pray an hour daily, go to Church and attend Holy Mass. The Holy Mass is the greatest prayer to God. The Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist is the source and summit of our lives, food for the journey. We must be humble at Mass and prepare ourselves beforehand. Also, our witness can be powerful when we spread the Catholic faith and encourage others to join our Church and grow in their relationship with Christ. In this way God can “deliver us from evil” !


If God is Love

If God is Love, Why do so many horrible things happen?


By Lorraine Vincent

August 2, 2015

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Why? Because there is evil in the world. Do not blame God for bad things. Evil dwells in this world; his name is Satan, the devil. God is love, the opposite of evil which is hatred. It is impossible for God to will evil. It would be totally against His divine nature which is Love. God is merciful, good, loving and compassionate.

A Spiritual Battle 

(See the Catechism of the Catholic Church  #405, #408, #409, #978)

There is a constant spiritual battle going on around us: Good against Evil. Satan roams freely in the world trying to steal souls, and trying to wreak havoc and interfere with God’s will. In the Holy Bible, St. Peter states: “Stay sober and alert. Your opponent the devil is prowling like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour” (1 Peter 5:8). God wills us to be strong against evil and use His power and Wisdom to defeat it. “Resist him [the devil], solid in your faith, realizing that the brotherhood of believers is undergoing the same sufferings throughout the world. The God of all grace, who called you to His everlasting glory in Christ, will Himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish those who have suffered a little while” (1 Peter  5:9-10). It is written in the Holy Bible that good prevails and God is victorious. Through Jesus’ Passion and Resurrection, He has already won. In John 16:33, Jesus said, “In the world you face persecution. But take courage; I have conquered the world!”

Free Will

God highly values our freedom of choice, even though He knows many choose to rebel again Him. He created people and angels with free will because He wants all to choose to love Him freely. Through the deception of the Evil One, Eve chose to disobey God and therefore, through her and Adam, sin entered into the world.

From the very beginning of creation our loving God willed our Salvation through His Son, Jesus Christ. Also, Mary, His Mother, cooperated with God’s plan totally. Through Her free response to God, Her “fiat,” and by the power of the Holy Spirit, our Saviour was born. She said, “I am the servant of the Lord. Let it be done to me as you say” (Luke 1:38). Mary’s response should also be ours.

However, because we have free will, people often inflict evil upon each other. We are all sinners. Through sin, we are responsible for all the evil in the world: wars, terrible injustices, poverty and murder. St. James said, “Beloved, those conflicts and disputes among you, where do they come from? Do they not come from your cravings that are at war within you? What you desire you do not obtain, and so you resort to murder. You covet something and cannot obtain it; so you engage in disputes and conflicts” (James 4:1-2). 

We really need the Lord. Let us pray that we don’t give in to revenge and to hatred. St. Paul said, “See that no one returns evil to any other; always seek one another’s good and for that matter, the good of all” (1 Thessalonians 5:15). 

Why does God allow evil in the world?

God, our Father does not will evil. He does allow it for now. Because of the Original Sin and our own sin, God allows suffering, but He always uses it for our good. He is in control. He loves us and permits things for our spiritual good because He wants us to join Him in heaven. It is only through the goodness of God that suffering could be to our benefit:  to discipline, to teach, to motivate us to come back to Him, to purify, and to strengthen our souls.

God gives us this advice: “Endure your trials as the discipline of God, who deals with you as sons. For what son is there whom his father does not discipline? … They disciplined us as seemed right to them, to prepare us for the short span of mortal life; but God does so for our true profit, that we may share His holiness. At the time it is administered, all discipline seems a cause for grief and not for joy, but later it brings forth the fruit of peace and justice to those who are trained in its school” (Hebrews 12:7,10-11).

Redemption is at hand for all those who want it. “Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. Draw near to God, and He will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and purify your hearts, you double-minded” (James 4:7-9).  Using our free will wisely, we can choose to follow Christ.

Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC) #1434—“The interior penance of the Christian can be expressed in many and various ways. Scripture and the Fathers of our Church insist above all on three forms, fasting, prayer and almsgiving, which express conversion in relation to oneself, to God, and to others.”

CCC #1435—“Conversion is accomplished in daily life by gestures of reconciliation, concern for the poor, the exercise and defense of justice and right, by the admission of faults to one’s brethren, fraternal correction, revision of life, examination of conscience, spiritual direction, acceptance of suffering, endurance of persecution for the sake of righteousness. Taking up one’s cross each day and following Jesus is the surest way of penance.”

To Save All Souls

Suffering can have great merit. Christ died on the Cross for our salvation. Also, the Blessed Virgin Mary knows what it is like to suffer. She offered Her Son for us. Through the grace of God, our suffering endured in love as a penance can help save souls. This is another tool against Satan. In prayer we can join our suffering to the Holy Passion of Jesus on the Cross and offer it all to God the Father for the good of all souls. St. Paul speaks of suffering for others: “Even now I find my joy in the suffering I endure for you. In my own flesh I fill up what is lacking in the sufferings of Christ for the sake of His Body, the Church” (Colossians 1:24).


We can pray to God for peace in our own hearts, so there can be one place in the world where there will not be war. Jesus comforts us with these words: “Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you. I do not give it to you as the world gives peace. Do not let your hearts be troubled, and do not let them be afraid” (John 14:27). Be of good cheer; trust in the loving power of God, and pray: Jesus, we trust in You.






By Lorraine Vincent

June 7, 2015

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Why the Living Need Indulgences

Our Holy Catholic Church teaches us that we should expect to spend some time in Purgatory after we die in order to be purified so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of Heaven (see Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1030, 1031).

            The Catechism of the Catholic Church, # 1473 states: “The forgiveness of sin and restoration of communion with God [in the Sacrament of Reconciliation] entail the remission of the eternal punishment of sin [in Hell], but temporal punishment of sin [in Purgatory] remains. While patiently bearing sufferings and trials of all kinds and, when the day comes, serenely facing death, the Christian must strive to accept this temporal punishment of sin [in Purgatory] as a grace. He should strive by works of mercy and charity, as well as by prayer and the various practices of penance, to put off completely the “old man” and to put on the “new man”.            “A conversion which proceeds from a fervent charity can attain the complete purification of the sinner in such a way that no punishment would remain” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1472).

            Pope John Paul II explained during his public audience at the Vatican in St. Peter’s Square on September 29, 1999, that the “temporal pain” endured by souls in Purgatory is a part of the “process of purification” for the sinner in order to prepare the repentant sinner to receive everlasting life [in Heaven]. Through the Holy Catholic Church, by the authority granted her by Christ Jesus, that temporal pain [in Purgatory] can be removed [now by the living] with indulgences that are “concrete steps toward conversion” here on earth.  Therefore the earning of indulgences cannot be only “external gestures, done superficially,” but must be “a process of interior growth toward actual detachment from sin.” 

Why the Dead Need Indulgences

            The Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1032 teaches: “From the beginning the Church has honored the memory of the dead and offered prayers in suffrage for them, above all the Eucharistic sacrifice [the Holy Mass], so that, thus purified, they may attain the beatific vision of God. The Church also commends almsgiving, indulgences, and works of penance undertaken on behalf of the dead.”

            The Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1472 explains the punishments of sin: “To understand this doctrine and practice of the Church, it is necessary to understand that sin has a double consequence. Grave sin deprives us of communion with God and therefore makes us incapable of eternal life [in Heaven], the privation of which is called the “eternal punishment” of sin [in Hell]. On the other hand every sin, even venial, entails an unhealthy attachment to creatures, which must be purified either here on earth [in the Sacrament of Reconciliation and with indulgences], or after death in the state called Purgatory. This purification [in Purgatory] frees one from what is called “temporal punishment” of sin. These two punishments [Hell and Purgatory] must not be conceived of as a kind of vengeance inflicted by God from without, but as following from the very nature of sin [which pulls us away from God by our own free will].”

            Jesus said to St. Faustina, “Today bring to Me the souls who are detained in Purgatory, and immerse them in the abyss of My mercy. Let the torrents of My Blood cool down their scorching flames. All these souls are greatly loved by Me. They are making retribution to My justice. It is in your power to bring them relief.  Draw all the indulgences from the treasury of My Church and offer them on their behalf. Oh, if you only knew the torments they suffer, you would continually offer for them the alms of the spirit and pay off their debt to My justice” (Diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul, #1209).

Communion of Saints

            All Christians, in the supernatural unity of the Mystical Body of Christ, are members of the Communion of Saints. The prayers and good works of all Christians are in this mystical treasury. Between us there is an abundant exchange of all good things. The holiness of one profits others, well beyond the harm that the sin of one could cause others. Those who have made their lives holy by the grace of Christ the Lord and have followed in His footsteps, and carried out the mission the Father entrusted to them, attain their own salvation and at the same time cooperate in saving other souls in the unity of the Mystical Body. Joined in Christ in this wonderful way, the recourse to the Communion of Saints lets the contrite sinner be more promptly and efficaciously purified of the punishments for sin (see Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1474-1477).

            The Communion of Saints is composed of three groups:
  1. Souls in Heaven – They can pray for the living here on Earth and for the souls in Purgatory.
  2. Souls in Purgatory – They can pray for the living, but they cannot help themselves as their time of earning merit is over.
  3. Souls living on Earth – We can gain indulgences for ourselves, or apply them to the souls of the deceased.

            “Since the faithful departed now being purified [in Purgatory] are also members of the same communion of saints, one way we can help them is to obtain indulgences for them, so that the temporal punishments [in Purgatory] due for their sins may be remitted” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, #1479).

            So therefore, Catholics can gain indulgences for themselves to lessen their time spent in Purgatory or offer indulgences to the souls of the deceased.

What is an Indulgence?

            Our Catechism of the Catholic Church,  #1471 tells us: “The doctrine and practice of indulgences in the Church are closely linked to the effects of the sacrament of Penance. An indulgence is a remission [partial or total removal] before God of the temporal punishment [in Purgatory] due to sins whose guilt has already been forgiven [in the Sacrament of Reconciliation], which the faithful Christian who is duly disposed gains under certain prescribed conditions through the action of the Church which, as the minister of redemption [power to forgive sins], dispenses and applies with authority the treasury of the satisfactions of Christ and the saints. An indulgence is partial or plenary according as it removes either part or all of the temporal punishment [in Purgatory] due to sin. Indulgences may be applied to the living [for ourselves] or the dead.”

            The Catechism of the Catholic Church,  Obtaining indulgences from God through the Church #1478, 1479: “An indulgence is obtained through the Church who, by virtue of the power of binding and loosing granted her by Christ Jesus, intervenes in favor of individual Christians and opens for them the treasury of the merits of the remission [removal] of the temporal punishments [in Purgatory] due for their sins. Thus the Church does not want simply to come to the aid of these Christians [who are still living], but also to spur them to works of devotion, penance, and charity [in order to gain an indulgence].

            “Since the faithful departed now being purified are also members of the same Communion of Saints, one way we can help them is to obtain indulgences for them, so that the temporal punishments [in Purgatory] due for their sins may be remitted [paid for and cancelled].”

           For more information on indulgences see The Code of Canon Law of the Catholic Church, in Book IV: The Sanctifying Office of the Church, Part I: The Sacraments, Title IV: The Sacrament of Penance, Chapter IV: Indulgences.

Specific Directives from the Catholic Church

            Our Holy Catholic Church gives us specific directives as to how we can gain an indulgence. In union with the Communion of Saints and through certain sacraments, prayers, prescribed Indulgenced Works of penance and acts of charity, and certain conditions for reciting the Holy Rosary, we can earn partial or complete remission of the punishment for sins in Purgatory.

            In 1967 Pope Paul VI released the document, Indulgentiarum Doctrina, Whereby the Revision of Sacred Indulgences is Promulgated. He stated that an attitude of humility and of sorrow for sin is necessary in order to receive an indulgence:  “… indulgences cannot be acquired without a sincere conversion of mentality (metanoia) and unity with God, to which the performance of the prescribed works is added” (Chapter 4). Also, “… the faithful need considerable time to prepare themselves properly for acquisition of a plenary indulgence” (Chapter 5). In this document Pope Paul VI also listed 20 Norms about acquiring indulgences.

            The required conditions can also be found in the documents: The Gift of the Indulgence, Apostolic Penitentiary, Nov. 29, 1998, and also January 29, 2000, given at the offices of the Apostolic Penitentiary, an official body in Rome.

Conditions for Gaining an Indulgence for a Prescribed Indulgenced Work

  1. Spiritual Condition:  Be in the State of Grace, at least at the end of doing the Indulgenced Work.  Renounce all attachment to sin, even venial sin, and have the interior disposition of complete detachment from sin.  It is this penitent attitude that opens us to receive the complete remission of the temporal guilt of sin, which God desires to grant us through the Holy Catholic Church.
  1. Intention: At the beginning of the day, or when doing the Indulgenced Work, make a specific intention to gain the indulgence. Ask God for the gift of the indulgence and express your desire to get it for yourself, or for the deceased. For example pray: “Jesus, I want to gain an indulgence today. I am performing a work of mercy and charity, visiting my mother who is in need.  It is as if I am making a pilgrimage to You, Jesus, present in her.  I know that whatever I do to her, I do to You, Jesus, because You love her.  I want to apply this indulgence to (myself)  or  (name of a deceased person).”
  1. Sacramental ConditionsWorthily celebrate Sacramental Confession within several days before or after the day of the Indulgenced Work. Receive the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist preferably on the same day as the Indulgenced Work. The faithful should frequently receive the grace of Sacramental Confession in order to grow in conversion and in purity of heart.
  1. Pious Exercise: On the day of the Indulgenced Work take part devoutly in pious meditations, Holy Mass or another liturgical celebration such as Lauds or Vespers, or some pious exercise such as the Stations of the Cross, or the Holy Rosary, or Eucharistic Adoration.
  1. Prescribed PrayersShow conversion of heart and renewal to communion with the Holy Catholic Church and pray the “Act of Contrition”.  Pray for the intentions of the Pope on the same day as the Indulgenced Work.  Suggested prayers are: “Our Father”, “The Creed” and the “Hail Mary”.  For example pray: “Jesus, I want to show You my conversion of heart and renewal to communion (unity) with the Holy Catholic Church. O my God, I am heartily sorry for having offended You.  I detest all my sins, because I dread the loss of Heaven and pains of Hell; but, MOST OF ALL, because they offend You, my God, Who are all good and deserving of all of my love.  I therefore firmly resolve, with the help of Your grace, to confess my sins, to do penance, and to amend my life . Jesus, bless Pope (name).  I offer these prayers for his intentions: (“Pray the Our Father”, “The Creed” and the “Hail Mary”)”.

Prescribed Indulgenced Works

            Catholics may gain an indulgence by performing one of the following Indulgenced Works of Pilgrimage, Mercy and Charity or Acts of Penance while also fulfilling the required Spiritual and Sacramental Conditions, taking part devoutly in a Pious Exercise and saying the Prescribed Prayers.

  1. Pilgrimage:  Make a pious pilgrimage or make a pious visit to a designated Pilgrimage Site, on the same day of participation in the Eucharist.
  2. Works of Mercy and Charity:
  • Visit for a suitable time those in need or in difficulty, as if making a pilgrimage to Christ present in them (see Mt 25:34-36),  for example: the sick, the imprisoned, the elderly living alone, the handicapped, those hospitalized, etc.  Remember that whatever you do to them, you do to Jesus who loves them.
  • Support monetarily by a significant contribution, works of a religious or social nature. For example: abandoned children, young people in trouble (Pro Life, Birth Right), the elderly in need, foreigners in various countries seeking better living conditions, or donate to a religious charity.
  1. Acts of Penance:

Make a form of personal sacrifice that expresses a penitential spirit.

  • Devote a suitable portion of personal free time to activities benefiting the community, or other forms of personal sacrifice.
  • Abstain for at least one whole day from unnecessary consumption (smoking, alcohol, etc.).
  • Fast or abstain from meat or other food according to the general rules of the Church and the norms laid down by the Bishops’ Conferences.

Indulgence for Praying the Holy Rosary

            Catholics can gain an indulgence for praying the Holy Rosary under the prescribed conditions listed below. Pope John Paul II in his Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae, on the Most Holy Rosary, to the bishops, clergy and all the faithful, wrote in section number 25, “The Rosary is at the same time a meditation and an imploration with Mary to unite ourselves more and more to Jesus Christ. … To pray the Rosary is to hand over our burdens to the merciful hearts of Christ and His Mother.”

            Pope John Paul II also wrote about the importance of indulgences granted by the Church, in his concluding section number 37. The quote is as follows. Underlined are words pertaining to Rosary Indulgences for your convenience.

            “At present, in different parts of the Church, there are many ways to introduce the Rosary. In some places, it is customary to begin with the opening words of Psalm 70: “O God, come to my aid; O Lord, make haste to help me”, as if to nourish in those who are praying, a humble awareness of their own insufficiency. In other places, the Rosary begins with the recitation of the Creed, as if to make the profession of faith the basis of the contemplative journey about to be undertaken. These and similar customs, to the extent that they prepare the mind for contemplation, are all equally legitimate. The Rosary is then ended with a prayer for the intentions of the Pope, as if to expand the vision of the one praying to embrace all the needs of the Church. It is precisely in order to encourage this ecclesial dimension of the Rosary that the Church has seen fit to grant indulgences to those who recite it with the required dispositions.

            “If prayed in this way, the Rosary truly becomes a spiritual itinerary in which Mary acts as Mother, Teacher and Guide, sustaining the faithful by her powerful intercession. Is it any wonder, then, that the soul feels the need, after saying this prayer and experiencing so profoundly the motherhood of Mary, to burst forth in praise of the Blessed Virgin, either in that splendid prayer the Salve Regina or in the Litany of Loreto? This is the crowning moment of an inner journey which has brought the faithful into living contact with the mystery of Christ and his Blessed Mother.”

From the Vatican, on the 16th day of October in the year 2002, the beginning of the twenty- fifth year of my Pontificate.   JOHN PAUL II

Conditions for Gaining an Indulgence for Reciting the Holy Rosary

            We can gain a plenary indulgence for reciting the Holy Rosary by following certain guidelines laid down by our Holy Catholic Church.

  1. Ask our Lord for the indulgence for praying the Rosary. “At the beginning of the day, or when doing the Indulgenced Work, make a specific intention [prayer petition for oneself or for a deceased soul] to gain the indulgence” (The Gift of the Indulgence, Apostolic Penitentiary, Nov. 29, 1998, January 29, 2000).
  2. “It is well to remind that a plenary indulgence may be gained only once in a day at this occasion: – Marian Rosary recited [out loud with a group] in a church or public oratory or in a family group, a religious Community or pious Association. The recitation of one chaplet only suffices: but the five decades must be recited continuously”   (The Handbook of Indulgences: Norms and Grants, conc. 17 / 1).
  3. “It’s necessary to fulfill the following three conditions: Sacramental Confession in the month, and, Eucharistic Communion and prayer for the pope’s intentions, Our Father and Hail Mary, take place on the day the work is performed. It is further required that all attachment to sin, even venial sin, be absent” (IDEM, N. 20). Renounce all attachment to sin, even venial sin, and have the interior disposition of complete detachment from sin.  It is this penitent attitude that opens us to receive the complete remission [removal] of the temporal guilt of sin [in Purgatory], which God desires to grant us through the Holy Catholic Church (The Gift of the Indulgence, Apostolic Penitentiary, Nov. 29, 1998, January 29, 2000). 


The Divine Mercy

The Divine Mercy

Lorraine_columnistBy Lorraine Vincent

April 27, 2015

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Divine MercyOur Lord Jesus Christ is “The Divine Mercy” and the “Prince of Peace”!  He loves us infinitely and has immeasurable
mercy for sinners.  He is Love and Mercy itself.  He wants all souls to go to Heaven to be with Him forever.

Trials and Temptation

Despite how hard we try to do God’s will, sometimes we fall into temptation and fail miserably.  But God understands how difficult it is for us.  He is merciful—if we pick ourselves up, repent and try again.  The Bible says, “[L]et the wicked forsake their way, and the unrighteous their thoughts; let them return to the LORD, that He may have mercy on them, and to our God, for He will abundantly pardon. For My thoughts are not your thoughts, nor are your ways My ways, says the LORD. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts” (Isai 55:7-9).

Jesus asked St. Faustina Kowalska to promote His Divine Mercy to the world; and to write His words to her in a diary.  So in her Diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul, she wrote: “My daughter, write that involuntary offenses of souls do not hinder My love for them or prevent Me from uniting Myself with them. But voluntary offenses, even the smallest, obstruct My graces, and I cannot lavish My gifts on such souls. … I detest the smallest sin. I cannot love a soul which is stained with sin; but when it repents, there is no limit to My generosity toward it. My mercy embraces and justifies it. With My mercy, I pursue sinners along all their paths, and My Heart rejoices when they return to Me. I forget the bitterness with which they fed My Heart and rejoice at their return” (Diary, 1641, 1728).

The Sacrament of Reconciliation

Our loving God does not give up on us.  The Divine Mercy offers us a way out of our misery.  We are truly blessed to belong to the Holy Catholic Church that Jesus instituted 2,000 years ago.  The Sacraments of the Catholic Church are powerful.  In the Sacrament of Confession (also called the Sacrament of Reconciliation), Jesus can cleanse our souls of all our sins.  We can start anew with the wealth of spiritual guidance that we will receive from the priest in the confessional.  Also, once we are cleansed of all mortal sins, we can receive the Holy Eucharist at Mass during Communion.  Jesus is alive and present in the Eucharist—Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity.  We can become united with our loving and merciful God in this wonderful way!  In this way we receive inner healing and are filled with the Prince of Peace in our souls.

Jesus spoke to St. Faustina Kowalska about the Sacrament of Reconciliation.  She wrote in her Diary that Jesus said to her: “Pray for souls that they be not afraid to approach the tribunal of My mercy [the Sacrament of Reconciliation]. Do not grow weary of praying for sinners. You know what a burden their souls are to My Heart. Relieve My deathly sorrow; dispense My mercy. …Write, speak of My mercy. Tell souls where they are to look for solace; that is, in the Tribunal of Mercy [the Sacrament of Reconciliation]. There the greatest miracles take place [and] are incessantly repeated.

“To avail oneself of this miracle, it is not necessary to go on a great pilgrimage or to carry out some external ceremony; it suffices to come with faith to the feet of My representative [a Catholic priest] and to reveal to him one’s misery, and the miracle of Divine Mercy will be fully demonstrated. Were a soul like a decaying corpse so that from a human standpoint, there would be no [hope of] restoration and everything would already be lost, it is not so with God. The miracle of Divine Mercy [the Sacrament of Reconciliation] restores that soul in full.

“Oh, how miserable are those who do not take advantage of God’s mercy! You will call out in vain, but it will be too late” (Diary, 975, 1448).

Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI spoke about the Sacrament of Reconciliation—God’s wonderful gift to us—in his Address to Participants in the Course on the Internal Forum Organized by the Apostolic Penitentiary, March 25, 2011. The Holy Father emphasized the importance of our examination of conscience, confession of sins and commitment to continuous conversion.  He said, “Examination of conscience has an important pedagogical value. It teaches us how to look squarely at our life, to compare it with the truth of the Gospel and to evaluate it… Comparison with the Commandments, with the Beatitudes and, especially, with the Precept of love, constitutes the first great ‘school of penance’. …

“Moreover the integral confession of sins teaches the penitent humility, recognition of his or her own frailty and, at the same time, an awareness of the need for God’s forgiveness and the trust that divine Grace can transform his life.  Likewise, listening to the confessor’s recommendations and advice is important for judging actions, for the spiritual journey and for the inner healing of the penitent. Let us not forget how many conversions and how many truly holy lives began in a confessional! The acceptance of the penance and listening to the words ‘I absolve you from your sins’, are lastly, a true school of love and hope that guides the person to full trust in the God Love, revealed in Jesus Christ, to responsibility and to the commitment to continuous conversion.”

Help Jesus Save Souls

We can help Jesus save souls while we suffer physically or mentally.  We can tell Jesus that we join our suffering to His Holy Passion and offer it all to our heavenly Father for ourselves, or for a loved one, or for all souls.  In this way we can receive some joy in suffering and a sense of relief, knowing that our suffering isn’t for nothing, that it is doing some good.

St. Peter wrote, “[I]f any of you suffers as a Christian, do not consider it a disgrace, but glorify God because you bear this name. … Therefore, let those suffering in accordance with God’s will entrust themselves to a faithful Creator, while continuing to do good” (1 Pet 4:16,19).

Another way that we can help Jesus save souls is to offer every Holy Mass we attend for one or more souls.  We can do this by praying to Jesus in our hearts, at the time of the Prayer of the Faithful, or at the Offertory of the Mass.  The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is powerful in saving souls.  This is because the Passion of Jesus on the Cross is made present at every Mass, and we can offer His sacrifice for souls.

St. Faustina Kowalska wrote in her Diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul: “Today Jesus said to me, ‘I desire that you know more profoundly the love that burns in My Heart for souls, and you will understand this when you meditate upon My Passion. Call upon My mercy on behalf of sinners; I desire their salvation. When you say this prayer, with a contrite heart and with faith on behalf of some sinner, I will give him the grace of conversion. This is the prayer: O Blood and Water, which gushed forth from the Heart of Jesus as a fount of Mercy for us, I trust in You’ ” (Diary, 186, 187).

Spread the Faith

Those of us who are devout Catholics have the responsibility to spread the faith.  In this way we can help Jesus spread His Divine Mercy to people.  To Who?  To anyone God puts in our path.  How?  By our words, our actions and our prayers.  Often we have difficult decisions to make.  We are sometimes under a lot of pressure to do what we feel is wrong.  We have to ask ourselves: what would Christ do in such and such a case?  For instance, a woman, a family member, wants to move in with her boyfriend although they are not married, and wants financial assistance, or they want to live together in your house.  What would Jesus do?  Help someone to commit a mortal sin?  No.  It may not be easy to say no.  But if we give in, we will become part of the problem and receive the mortal sin on our soul, too.  Sometimes “tough love” is the only way to live according to the teachings of Jesus Christ and to spread the faith.  May Jesus help us to act righteously, despite having to upset someone who won’t get what they want.  Jesus said to St. Faustina, “Do not be surprised that you are sometimes unjustly accused.  I Myself first drank this cup of underserved suffering for love of you.  …It is because you are not of this world that the world hates you.  First it persecuted Me.  Persecution is a sign that you are following in My footsteps faithfully” (Diary, 289, 1487).

Another way to spread the faith is to help an organization or group of people who are doing wonderful faith-filled things.  For example, our Archdiocese has notified us on the Canadian pro-life issue regarding euthanasia and assisted suicide.  We can write to our Members of Parliament on this moral issue, to help souls.


All we have to do, is do whatever we can to do the will of God in our lives.  We just have to keep in mind that Jesus is “The Divine Mercy” and the “Prince of Peace”.  He loves us infinitely and has immeasurable mercy for sinners.  May we love Him and please Him in return.

The Meaning of Suffering

The Meaning of Suffering

“Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us”(Mt 6:12).


By Lorraine Vincent

March 6, 2015

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“If you forgive others their transgressions, your heavenly Father will forgive you. But if you do not forgive others, neither will your Father forgive your transgressions” (Matthew 6:9-14).

What ills people have done to us, are nothing in comparison to how we have hurt God by our sinful acts. So Jesus said that God will not forgive us, if we are hard-hearted and refuse to forgive. Our Catechism of the Catholic Church admits that this is rather scary. It explains, “Now—and this is daunting—this outpouring of mercy cannot penetrate our hearts as long as we have not forgiven those who have trespassed against us. Love, like the Body of Christ, is indivisible; we cannot love the God we cannot see if we do not love the brother or sister we do see. In refusing to forgive our brothers and sisters, our hearts are closed and their hardness makes them impervious to the Father’s merciful love; but in confessing our sins, our hearts are opened to His grace” (CCC, 2840).

The Sacrament of Reconciliation

During this Lenten Season we should make a decision to go to the Sacrament of Reconciliation. In confessing our sins and lack of forgiveness for those who have hurt us, we open ourselves up to God’s graces. Then during Lent we can begin to pray daily for the salvation of these souls. We need to be determined to do this. As time passes God will reward us with peace of mind.

Pray for Souls

Our Church and our merciful God know our weaknesses—“It is not in our power not to feel or to forget an offense; but the heart that offers itself to the Holy Spirit turns injury into compassion and purifies the memory in transforming the hurt into intercession” (CCC, 2843). Our Catechism says, by “intercession”, by prayer. This teaching comes from Jesus, Himself. Jesus stated, “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbour and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be children of your heavenly Father” (Matthew 5:43-45). Jesus tells us to pray for the souls of those who have hurt us and continue to hurt us. He said to St. Faustina, “Do you pray for your enemies? Do you wish well to those who have, in one way or another, caused you sorrow or offended you? Know that whatever good you do to any soul, I accept it as if you had done it to Me” (Diary, 1768). Even while we are still wounded, we must not remain angry, but pray for the conversion of these people. Jesus said to St. Faustina, “The prayer most pleasing to Me is the prayer for the conversion of sinners. Know, My daughter, that this prayer is always heard and answered” (Diary, 1397).

Redemptive Suffering

If Jesus could love us so much that He purposely came to earth to die on the Cross for us sinners in order to open the gates of Heaven for us, couldn’t we at least make an attempt to love all sinners, too. If they are living in mortal sin, we can encourage them to change. We can pray for them and offer self-sacrifices, penance, and Masses for them.  Jesus said to St. Faustina, “Join your sufferings to My Passion and offer them to the heavenly Father for sinners” (Diary, 1032). Our prayer could begin like this, “Jesus, I join my sufferings (state your trials and sufferings) to Your Passion, and offer them to our heavenly Father for (name) and for all souls”.

The crucifix, showing Jesus nailed to the Cross, should not only be a reminder of what He did for souls, but of what we should do, too. St. Faustina wrote, “I saw the Lord Jesus upon the Cross. From His hands, feet and side, the Most Sacred Blood was flowing. After some time, Jesus said to me, ‘All this is for the salvation of souls. Consider well, My daughter, what you are doing for their salvation’ ” (Diary, 1184).

We can love our enemies, if we are concerned for the wellbeing of their souls, and earnestly pray for them daily. Then all thoughts of revenge and hatred will disappear.  I have actually done this.  But I had to persevere in praying for the souls of these people.  We have to be patient, it takes time.  Gradually as the weeks and months go by, our wounded hearts will be changed into intercession, and we will be pleasing to God.  Then our hearts will be open to the Father’s merciful love and His saving grace.

Our Daily Cross

Jesus said, “Whoever wishes to come after Me must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me” (Mark 8:34). Mary, the Mother of Jesus, stood at the foot of the Cross, looking with great love and compassion at Jesus, sharing in His suffering, trying to comfort and console Him as He died. She joined Jesus in His loving sacrifice because she loved souls. “There she stood, in keeping with the divine plan, enduring with her only begotten Son the intensity of His suffering, joining herself with His sacrifice in her mother’s heart, and lovingly consenting to the immolation of this Victim, born of her…” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 964).

Rescue Souls through Sacrifice and Prayer

Jesus spoke to St. Faustina and therefore to us: “My daughter, I want to instruct you on how you are to rescue souls through sacrifice and prayer. You will save more souls through prayer and suffering than will a missionary through his teachings and sermons alone. … You shall accept all sufferings with love. Do not be afflicted if your heart often experiences repugnance and dislike for sacrifice. All its power rests in the will, and so these contrary feelings, far from lowering the value of the sacrifice in My eyes, will enhance it” (Diary, 1767).

Do not be Absorbed in Your Misery

Sometimes we can get overwhelmed by the problems we face in life; especially if we turn inward and constantly dwell on the negative aspects of it all. Then we tend to dig the hole deeper and deeper and feel submerged in our misery—this is not a good thing. If we get to the point where we think that our problems are insurmountable, impossible to solve, then we are not turning in faith to God, but doubt His ability to help. At this point the Evil One is jumping up and down with joy. He wants us to turn our back on God, give up and quit trying.

We can make a decision to make a loving sacrifice for souls even when it is not easy or convenient. Making this great effort will not go unnoticed by Jesus. He said to St. Faustina, “…unite, in a special way, even your smallest deeds to My merits, and then My Father will look upon them with love as it they were My own” (Diary, 1543). Jesus said to St. Faustina, “Do not be absorbed in your misery … be merciful to others” (Diary, 1486). Being merciful to others changes our focus to something positive. It feels good to help others and see them smile in gratitude. The problems won’t necessarily disappear, but we will feel so much better, filled with the love of God.  In this way we can make good use of all our trials, pain and sufferings for the good of souls.

I Thirst for Souls

St. Faustina wrote, “During Holy Mass, I saw the Lord Jesus nailed upon the Cross amidst great torments. A soft moan issued from His Heart. After some time, He said, ‘I thirst. I thirst for the salvation of souls. Help Me, My daughter, to save souls. Join your sufferings to My Passion and offer them to the heavenly Father for sinners’ ” (Diary, 1032). With each agony during the day we can bring this prayer to mind for a certain soul, for a certain intension. Then we can experience with a sense of relief that each trial has great spiritual value.

Courage in Trials

Our Holy Catholic Church teaches that we are to imitate Jesus in our lives here on Earth, and take up our cross and follow Him (see Mark 8:34). This is a hard Word, to take up our cross of trials and sufferings. When something dreadful happens to us we are tempted to say, “Why me?”  But we have to remember that we deserve our sufferings because of our sinfulness.

Jesus wants us to look upon our trials as an opportunity to do penance. God sometimes needs to get our attention, to get us to stop and think about our spiritual wellbeing. God knows the overall picture of our lives. He knows what is best for us. He is in control. “He is master of history, governing hearts and events in keeping with his will” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 269). In faith we pray, “Lord, let Your mercy be on us, as we place our trust in You” (Psalm 33:22).

 We are not left alone. We know that Jesus loves us infinitely, more than we can ever imagine. He suffered and died for us. We ask Him to give us courage in trials. St. Paul wrote, “We know that all things work for good for those who love God, who are called according to His purpose” (Romans 8:28). While we live in this world we must strive to do God’s will in joyful submission, loving one another and speaking His Word.

In prayer we can offer our sufferings for the good of our soul and for all sinners. Also, each day we can offer our sufferings for the good of a particular soul that we are praying for. Knowing this, we can obtain strength to persevere; and perhaps our sufferings can even be turned into joy, knowing the good that they can accomplish.

 St. Paul said, “What will separate us from the love of Christ? Will anguish, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or the sword? No, in all these things we conquer overwhelmingly through Him who loved us. For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor present things, nor future things, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other creature will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord” (Romans 8:35,37-39).

 The more we pray, do penance and offer sacrifices, God can do more work in inspiring souls to repent and convert, aiding the salvation of mankind. This Lent, for penance for our sins, may we have the attitude of humility and perseverance in the midst of our sufferings, as we pray with faith in God, fast, and perform works of charity for souls. Jesus, we trust in You.

 The Meaning of Suffering

In 1984 Saint John Paul II wrote his Apostolic Letter Salvifici Doloris, The Christian Meaning of Human Suffering.  The following are some quotations from this document found in Part V- Sharers in the Suffering of Christ:  (I added emphasis to some words.)

“19.  The Redeemer suffered in place of man and for man.  Every man has his own share in the Redemption.  Each one is also called to share in that suffering through which the Redemption was accomplished. … In bringing about the Redemption through suffering, Christ has also raised human suffering to the level of the Redemption.  Thus each man, in his suffering, can also become a sharer in the redemptive suffering of Christ.

“24. … The sufferings of Christ created the good of the world’s redemption.  This good in itself is inexhaustible and infinite.  No man can add anything to it.  But at the same time, in the mystery of the Church as his Body, Christ has in a sense opened his own redemptive suffering to all human suffering.  In so far as man becomes a sharer in Christ’s sufferings – in any part of the world and at any time in history – to that extent he in his own way completes the suffering through which Christ accomplished the Redemption of the world.”


Blessed Virgin Mary – Full of Grace

The Blessed Virgin Mary, Full of Grace


By Lorraine Vincent

January 1, 2015

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The Immaculate Conception

God chose Mary, a virgin, to be the Mother of His only begotten Son, Jesus.  The prophets spoke of her: “Therefore the Lord Himself will give you this sign: the virgin shall be with child, and bear a son, and shall name Him Emmanuel” (Isaiah 7:14).

Mary was conceived without the stain of original sin.  Only a most pure, immaculate woman could be worthy to bear the Son of God.  Our Holy Catholic Church celebrates the feast day of the Immaculate Conception on December 8th.

Full of Grace

Mary was wise and intelligent even at a young age.  She knew the Jewish faith thoroughly and the sacred words of the Old Testament; because she was raised and taught in the Temple from the age of three until her engagement to Joseph.  Almighty God had well prepared His chosen Virgin so that she was ready for the Annunciation of the Angel, and understood His message.

When the Angel Gabriel came to announce that God had chosen her to be the Mother of His only begotten Son, he addressed her with these words: “Hail, full of grace, the Lord is with you!” (Luke 1:28). “Full of Grace” therefore means Mary was pure, without sin.  It also means that Mary had all the virtues to the full: the intellectual virtues and the moral virtues, that is, faith, hope and charity, wisdom, humility, liberality, chastity, meekness, temperance, brotherly love and diligence.

 Raised in the Temple

Mary was the only child of her two elderly parents, Joachim and Anna, of the house of David.  It was the custom in those days for the descendants of David to offer their young daughters to God in the Temple.  The virgins were raised in the Temple so that at the proper time a holy virgin could be chosen to be the mother of the prophesied Messiah.  This custom continued for centuries.  At the age of three, the parents of Mary brought her to the Temple and left her there.  Our Church celebrates the Feast of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin on November 21st.

Having been raised and taught in the Temple with the other virgins at that time, Mary would have grown to be very knowledgeable of the Bible and of all the prophesies concerning the Messiah.  She would have known that the Messiah was to be born in Bethlehem: “But you, Bethlehem-Ephrathah too small to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel; whose origin is from of old, from ancient times” (Micah 5:1).  She would have known that the Messiah would be preceded by a prophet, a Precursor, to prepare the way: “A voice cries out in the wilderness, prepare the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God” (Isaiah 40:3); and also know that the Mother of the Messiah would suffer grievously seeing Her Son suffer.  She would have been familiar with Isaiah’s words of the man of many wounds, suffering for His people for their redemption:  “He was despised and rejected by others; a man of suffering, and acquainted with infirmity… there were many who were astonished at him—so marred was his appearance, beyond human semblance … Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him with pain. … he poured out himself to death … and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all” (Isai 53:3,6,10,12;  52:14).

 The Annunciation

After her engagement to Joseph she left her home in the Temple, her teachers and the other virgins, and moved back to her house in Nazareth.  The stage was set, so to speak.  One could say that Mary was fully prepared to receive the Annunciation of the Angel Gabriel.  “In the sixth month the Angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin betrothed to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary” (Luke 1:26,27).

Despite knowing the great responsibility of raising the Son of God and the destiny of great suffering of the Mother of God, Mary wanted to obey the will of God and sacrifice herself for the salvation of souls.  She replied to the Angel Gabriel, “Behold, I am the handmaid of the Lord. May it be done to me according to your word” (Luke 1:38).

At the descent of the Holy Spirit, Jesus was conceived in her most pure womb, for the Angel had said to her, “And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus. … The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; therefore the Child to be born will be called holy, the Son of God” (Luke 1:31,35).  When the Holy Spirit came upon Mary, Jesus descended from Heaven into Her immaculate womb—a tabernacle, a little second Heaven.  Only the Immaculate Virgin Mary, Full of Grace, could have been worthy of this act of God.

 The Visitation

Despite acknowledging the greatness of the gift of God to Her, Mary remained humble and obedient to God—a great example to all of us.  Having heard from the Angel that her elderly cousin Elizabeth was pregnant, Mary hurried to her aid.  Mary proclaimed in her Magnificat, “My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord; My spirit rejoices in God my Savior. For He has looked upon His handmaid’s lowliness; behold, from now on will all ages call Me blessed.  The Mighty One has done great things for Me, and holy is His name. His mercy is from age to age to those who fear Him. He has shown might with His arm, dispersed the arrogant of mind and heart. He has thrown down the rulers from their thrones but lifted up the lowly. The hungry He has filled with good things; the rich He has sent away empty. He has helped Israel His servant, remembering His mercy, according to His promise to our fathers, to Abraham and to His descendants forever” (Luke 1:46-55).

 The Birth of Jesus

Jesus was not born in a king’s castle.  He was born in a stable because He wanted to be poor on earth to set an example for us that spiritual wealth is more important than material wealth.  God the Father celebrated His Son’s birth by creating a new star in the sky.  The three wise men from Persia, Mesopotamia and Ethiopia, saw the new star which appeared at His birth.  They made preparations for the long trek to come and worship the Holy Child.  The Star led them to a house in Bethlehem.  They worshipped the Christ Child, Who was by then about one or two years old.  Therefore, the prophesy came to pass: “[T]he wealth of the nations shall come to you. A multitude a camels shall cover you, the young camels of Midian and Ephah; all those from Sheba shall come. They shall bring gold and frankincense, and shall proclaim the praise of the Lord” (Isaiah 60:5,6).  The gifts of the wise men became a great source of the Providence of God to aid the Holy Family in their upcoming flight to Egypt.  Joseph was informed by an Angel in a dream to flee to Egypt to escape the wrath of King Herod.  In Egypt Joseph had to acquire a home for Mary and Jesus.  They remained there for some years until the death of Herod, and then make the long journey back to Nazareth.  By then Jesus would have been about five years old.  Thanks to the grace of God, the gifts of the wise men also would have helped Joseph re-establish his family in Nazareth.

 Mary’s Union with Jesus

Mary is the Church’s model of obedience, faith, hope and burning charity in the Saviour’s work of restoring supernatural life to souls.  She persevered in her union with Jesus on the Cross and lovingly consented to the immolation of this Victim, born of her.  She aided the beginnings of the Church and continues to pray for us.  Our Catholic Church maintains that the Blessed Virgin Mary remained a virgin all her life.  She has been given the titles Ever-virgin, the New Eve, Mother of God, Mother of the Church, Advocate, Helper, Benefactress, Mediatrix and Queen of Heaven and Earth.

When Mary’s earthly life was completed, she was assumed body and soul into Heaven into the arms of Her dearly beloved Son.  United with Jesus, she shares in the glory of her Son and remains forever the Blessed Virgin Mary, Full of Grace.

 References:  The Holy Bible, the Catholic Encyclopedia, the Catechism of the Catholic Church, the Catholic Dictionary



Miracles of the Eucharist


By Lorraine Vincent

October 2014

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 Lanciano, Italy, about 700 AD

In Italy about the year 700 heresy was spreading in the Church about the True Presence of Jesus in the Holy Eucharist.   A monk in a monastery of Lanciano was also having doubts that Jesus is present in the Eucharist.   When celebrating Mass, during the Consecration, the host was visibly changed into Flesh and the wine into Blood.   The miracle was certified.  In 1887 Pope Leo XIII issued a plenary indulgence in perpetuity for those who visit the Church of the Miracle on any of the eight days before the feast day, the last Sunday in October.   In 1970 a complete scientific examination took place confirming previous studies in the past 1305 years that the Flesh is human muscular heart tissue and the Blood is human, type AB.   The Body of Christ and the Precious Blood, still intact, can be viewed by visitors in the Church of St. Francis, Lanciano, Italy, built on the site of the original church in which the miracle occurred.

Reference:  Eucharistic Miracles by Joan Cruz

 Santarem, Portugal, 1247

About 35 miles south of Fatima, Portugal in the village of Santarem, a woman consulted a sorceress to help her with her troubles of an unfaithful husband.   The sorceress promised to help her if first she would bring her a consecrated Host.   Very unhappy and knowing this was wrong, she finally went to her Catholic Church of St. Stephen and during Communion instead of consuming the Holy Eucharist she took it out of her month and wrapped it in her veil.   On her way to the sorceress’ cave people thought that she was bleeding profusely.   Frightened, she went home and placed her bloody veil and Host in a trunk.   During the night a bright light came from the trunk and lit up the whole house.   Both she and her husband spent the night kneeling in adoration.   The next day the parish priest was called, who took the Host back to the Church of St. Stephen, encased it in wax and placed it in the Tabernacle.   Years later when the Tabernacle was opened for adoration of the Blessed Sacrament, it was noticed that another miracle had taken place.   The wax case was found broken into pieces and the Host and a quantity of Blood was sealed in a beautiful crystal pyx.   The miracle was approved by Church authorities.   The Church was renamed the Church of the Holy Miracle where the Host in the crystal pyx, now placed in a monstrance, and can be seen to this day.

Reference:  Eucharistic Miracles by Joan Cruz

 St. Anthony of Padua (1195-1231)

St. Anthony was a brilliant Franciscan preacher.   One day in Toulouse, a heretic, Boniville, who rejected the validity of all the Sacraments, questioned St. Anthony about the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist.   As a test, they both agreed to let Boniville’s mule resolve the argument.   The mule was starved for three days and brought before a great crowd to St. Anthony and Boniville.   St. Anthony held a consecrated Host before the mule and Boniville offered it oats and hay.   Ignoring the food, the mule fell on its knees before the Holy Eucharist.   Boniville was converted along with a great number of other heretics.

Reference:  Eucharistic Miracles by Joan Cruz

 Turin, Italy, June 6, 1453

At the time of the miracle the faith of the people had grown weak.   Two men broke into a Catholic Church in Exilles, Italy, stealing costly items.   Lacking any respect for the Holy Eucharist, the thieves opened the tabernacle and took an ostensorium which held a large consecrated Host.   They packed everything on a mule and set off for Turin to sell their stolen articles.   Arriving in the market place in Turin, in front of the Church of San Silvestro, the mule tripped and fell, and all the stolen goods scattered over the ground.   The Host did not fall to the ground, however.   With bright rays of light it rose into the air.   People rushed to the spot.   The Bishop of Turin, Ludovico of Romagnano, was called.   He knelt in awe before the miracle of the suspended Host, worshipping the Most Blessed Sacrament.   He then stood up holding high over his head a sacred chalice.   While everyone watched, the Host slowly descended into the chalice.   The miracle was studied and verified as authentic.   Due to the brilliant heavenly sunburst of light surrounding the Host, the miracle was called the Sun of Justice.   Popes Pius II, Gregory XVI, Clement XIII, Benedict XIV, St. Pius X, and Pius XI all recognized the miracle and granted special indulgences.   The name of the Church of San Silvestro was changed to the Basilica of Corpus Domini – Church of the Body of the Lord.   It also should be noted that another precious treasure, the Holy Shroud of Turin, the burial cloth of Jesus, is kept in a magnificent chapel the city of Turin.

Reference:  Eucharistic Miracles by Joan Cruz



The True Presence of Jesus in the Holy Eucharist

The True Presence of Jesus in the Holy Eucharist


Written by Lorraine Vincent

September 22, 2014

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Our beautiful Roman Catholic Church was named in honour of the Most Blessed Sacrament of the Eucharist.   In Blessed Sacrament Church, shining above the altar, is a beautiful, large, circular, stained glass window.   It depicts twelve petals of a flower around the central Blessed Sacrament, the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ.   The twelve petals surrounding the Eucharist represent the twelve apostles of Christ of our apostolic Catholic Church.

The Holy Eucharist is the source and summit of Catholic life.   It is at the center of life of the Catholic Church.   It is the “Sacrament of sacraments” (Catechism of the Catholic Church, CCC, 1211), for in this Blessed Sacrament is Christ Himself.   In Redemptor Hominis Saint John Paul II wrote, “It [the Blessed Sacrament] is at one and the same time a Sacrifice-Sacrament, a Communion-Sacrament, and a Presence-Sacrament.”

Jesus instituted the Blessed Sacrament at the Last Supper, the night before He died for us on the Cross to save us from our sins.   To emphasize the significance of Jesus’ institution of the Eucharist is the fact that all four Gospels in the Bible have that Last Supper account—a significant point.   The scripture references for them are Matthew 26:26-28, Mark 14:22-24 and Luke 22:19-20 and John 13:1-38.

In Luke 22:19-20 it is written, “And He took bread, and when He had given thanks He broke it and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is My Body which is given for you.   Do this in remembrance of Me.’  And likewise the cup after supper, saying, ‘This cup which is poured out for you is the new covenant in My Blood.’”   Christ wanted to remain present to His Church in this unique way, in the Blessed Sacrament, to the end of time.

St. Faustina Kowalska (1905-1938), who was canonized by St. John Paul II in the year 2000, wrote in her diary, Divine Mercy in My Soul, that Jesus said to her, “I want to tell you that eternal life must begin already here on earth through Holy Communion.   Each Holy Communion makes you more capable of communing with God throughout eternity” (Diary, 1811).

Jesus said to His disciples and apostles:   “ ‘I am the living Bread that came down from Heaven.  … Those who eat My Flesh and drink My Blood have eternal life, and I will raise them up on the last day; for My Flesh is true food and My Blood is true drink.   Those who eat My Flesh and drink My Blood abide in Me, and I in them.   Just as the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so whoever eats Me will live because of Me.’ …  Because of this many of His disciples turned back and no longer went about with Him.   So Jesus asked the twelve, ‘Do you also wish to go away?’   Simon Peter answered Him, ‘Lord, to whom can we go?   You have the words of eternal life.   We have come to believe and know that You are the Holy One of God.’ ” (John 6:51,54-57,66-69).

Notice that when many of His disciples left, shocked by what He said, Jesus did not call them back saying that He really did not mean that people would really eat Him.   He did not change His statement, because He spoke the truth.   St. Peter proclaimed that Jesus is the Son of God; and in faith, St. Peter believed, even though he could not fully understand.

Even though we cannot fully understand how Jesus is truly present and alive in the Holy Eucharist—the Bread and Wine consecrated at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass by a Catholic priest, we, like St. Peter must have faith.   We must trust in Jesus and in His teachings in His Church, the Holy Catholic Church.   He came down from Heaven for us.   Each person who receives and consumes the consecrated Host, receives Jesus, alive in His Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity.

St. Faustina Kowalska wrote in her diary, “I saw the Lord Jesus, exposed in the monstrance.   In place of the monstrance, I saw the glorious face of the Lord, and He said to me, “What you see in reality, these souls see through faith.   Oh, how pleasing to Me is their great faith!   You see, although there appears to be no trace of life in Me, in reality it is present in its fullness in each and every Host.   But for Me to be able to act upon a soul [bestowing graces], the soul must have faith.   O how pleasing to Me is living faith!” (Diary, 1420).

“That in this sacrament are the true Body of Christ and His true Blood is something that ‘cannot be apprehended by the senses,’ says St. Thomas [Aquinas], ‘but only by faith, which relies on divine authority.’   For this reason, in a commentary on Luke 22:19 (‘This is My Body which is given for you.’), St. Cyril [of Alexandria] says:  ‘Do not doubt the Saviour in faith, for since He is the truth, He cannot lie.’ ” (CCC, 1381).

St. Faustina Kowalska wrote that one day the knowledge of her sins caused her grief, and at Holy Mass she did not receive the Holy Eucharist.   “Once I desired very much to receive Holy Communion, but I had a certain doubt, and I did not go.  I suffered greatly because of this. It seemed to me that my heart would burst from the pain.  When I set about my work, my heart full of bitterness, Jesus suddenly stood by me and said, “My daughter, do not omit Holy Communion unless you know well that your fall was serious [then the Sacrament of Reconciliation is necessary]; apart from this, no doubt must stop you from uniting yourself with Me in the mystery of My love” (Diary, 156; also see Diary, 612, & 1611).

Therefore, if Catholics are aware of a very serious sin, a mortal sin, it is absolutely necessary to go to confession to a Catholic priest to receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation, before receiving Holy Communion.

In this regard, St. Faustina Kowalska wrote, “I saw how unwillingly the Lord Jesus came to certain souls in Holy Communion.   And He spoke these words to me:  “I enter into certain hearts as into a second Passion” (Diary, 1598).   “Today I learned with what aversion the Lord comes to a certain soul in Holy Communion.   He goes to that heart as to a dark prison, to undergo torture and affliction.   I kept begging His pardon and offering atonement for the offense” (Diary, 1280).

When a sinner goes to confession to a Catholic priest to receive the Sacrament of Reconciliation, with complete contrition and determination not to commit that mortal sin again, their soul is completely wiped clean of sin by the grace of God.   Then if this cleansed soul has faith in the true presence of Jesus in the Holy Eucharist, Jesus will be pleased to enter that soul in Holy Communion bestowing His graces.

In John 13:1-38, St. John’s Last Supper account, St. John provides a fundamental understanding of the Last Supper Event which is very important.   During the Last Supper, Jesus washed the feet of all the apostles.   St. Peter objected.   He didn’t want Jesus, his Teacher and Lord, to be so humble as to bend and wash their feet.   But Jesus insisted.   “When He had washed their feet, and taken His garments, and resumed His place, He said to them, ‘Do you know what I have done to you?   You call me Teacher and Lord; and you are right, for so I am.   If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet.   For I have given you an example, that you also should do as I have done to you.   Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his Master [Jesus]; nor is He who is sent greater than He [the Father] who sent Him.   If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them’” (John 13:12-17).

We also, must put into practice the words of Jesus.   After receiving the Lord in Holy Communion we are told to go and be Eucharist for those whose lives we touch—to be Christ’s real presence in the world we live in—to bring Him to those whose lives we encounter.   Jesus points out how union with Him requires humble and charitable acts.  Therefore, united with Jesus in the Holy Eucharist we must go forth and be the Body of Christ to others, serving and loving our neighbour, by doing what Jesus would do.   He helped the sick, the handicapped and the poor.   He also spoke to people, explaining the Ten Commandments, teaching them about the true faith and trying to convert them.   As Catholics, even if we are under attack, we must speak the truth about our Catholic faith, and about the True Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, the soul essence of our Church.   We are the Body of Christ here on Earth.   Therefore, service, self-giving love and Stewardship are essential values to be lived for any person who claims to be a sincere and genuine disciple of Christ.

With faith in Jesus, and His True Presence in the Holy Eucharist, we should try to make time to worship Him in Eucharistic Adoration:  to sit and pray in front of the Tabernacle where Jesus is present, or pray before the Host exposed in the monstrance.   We can come early before the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass or stay after Mass for awhile.  We can offer our sufferings and sorrows to Jesus, to be joined to His Holy Passion for ourselves and for souls—for all sinners.

At our Blessed Sacrament Church, Eucharistic Adoration is available every day of the week before every Mass.   We are indeed blessed to have this opportunity.   Saint John Paul II stated in Domicae cenae, 3: “The Church and the world have a great need for Eucharistic worship.  Jesus awaits us in this sacrament of love. Let us not refuse the time to go to meet Him in adoration, in contemplation full of faith, and open to making amends for the serious offenses and crimes of the world. Let our adoration never cease.”



Christ Rose “Again”?



“In the English translation of the Creed we say that Christ rose again. There is no such Latin equivalent.  Why, then, do we use the word ‘again’ in the Creed?  It seems to imply that Christ rose from the dead at some point before Easter.”

Two issues.  What the early church fathers Tertullian and Irenaeus said is of passing interest, but it does not answer the question at hand, which is “Why do we say He rose again?”

To answer this we must 

 1) Consider not so much what the early Church fathers said but what the Council of Nicea said. Note that both Irenaeus and Justin pre-date the Ecumenical Council of Nicea (325 A.D.) and neither carries the authority of that council.  

2) We are dealing with a translation that comes from the Mass, which for Western Catholics means Latin, not Greek.  In saying so, I do not mean to say that the Latin pre-dates the Greek Creed (it most certainly does not) or that the Greek Creed is in error or otherwise deficient in any way.  

Indeed, why we say “rose again” has everything in the world to do with what the Latin version of the Creed says.  It says “resurrexit” and thus we say “He rose again” which is an accurate translation of the Latin.  Why the Latin has “resurrexit” instead of “surrexit” is a different question altogether.

Well, lets keep in the mind that the Creed was probably first formulated in Greek, before the Latin text.  Two of Denzinger’s Sources for the Creed, before Tertullian, are Justin Martyr and Irenaeus, both of whom wrote in Greek.

  That being said, the two (Greek and Latin) could have been formulate around the same time, especially as this seems to be a rule of faith used in the early Church. 

 As mentioned above, the Greek term used is anastanta, which means to make to stand up, raise up.  

The verb just means to rise up (at least in the Greek), i.e. to awaken from the dead.

By “again,” the translators intend the original meaning of “again” as “back to the former state” (of living), rather than as “for yet another time.”  Below are the four senses of “again” from Merriam-Webster.  You will see that the first sense is the one being used, rather than the second one, which today predominates among American speakers. Interesting question!

  1: in return : back (swore he would pay him again when he was able — Shakespeare) 
  2: another time : once more : anew (I shall not look upon his like again — Shakespeare) 
  3: on the other hand (he might go, and again he might not)   
4: in addition :  besides (again, there is another matter to consider)

The specific phrase is “On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the scriptures….”  The word “again” does not change the meaning of much in my mind as it implies he “got up again” after death.  Although we can see how it may imply he rose from the dead again rather than got up again.  By “got up” it simply means the raising one does when one wakes in the morning.  I was once on my back without senses, and now I am on my feet, and alert.  In English, the death is not mentioned in that sentence, although it might be in the Latin version.


“The Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men, and they will kill him, and he will be raised on the third day” (Matt 17:22-23).

At the moment of Our Lord’s death His soul descended into that part of hell called otherwise known as the Limbo of the Patriarchs or Abraham’s Bosom – the place where the souls of the Just who died before Christ were detained:  “For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so for three days and three nights the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth” (Matt 12:40).  Christ announced the glad tidings of Redemption to them, and their approaching admission into heaven with Him on Ascension Day:  “he went and made a proclamation to the spirits in prison” (1Pet 3:19).  Our Lord’s very presence transformed Limbo into a delightful paradise, as we gather from His words to the Good Thief: “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise” (Lk 23:43).

It is also an expressed opinion that Christ visited purgatory, to console and comfort the souls suffering there:  “I will penetrate to all the lower parts of the earth, and will behold all that sleep, and will enlighten all that hope in the Lord” (Sir 24:45).

For three days Christ’s soul was separated from His body, yet His divinity was never for a moment separated from either.  On the third day, Christ, by His own divine power, reunited His soul to His body and rose again immortal and impassable:  “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up” (Jn 2:19); “I lay down my life in order to take it up again” (Jn 10:17).

After His Resurrection, Christ retained in His body the marks of His sufferings:  “Put your finger here and see my hands.  Reach out your hand and put it in my side. Do not doubt but believe” (Jn 20:27).  These marks will ever remain to show that He rose again in the same body, and as tokens of His victory over sin and death.

Moreover, having risen with the same but glorified body Christ is no longer subject to death, as were those He miraculously raised to life.  Further, He is the principle and cause of the future General Resurrection of all the dead:  “for as all die in Adam, so all will be made alive in Christ” (1Cor 15:22).

On the fact of the Resurrection rests our belief in Christianity:  “and if Christ has not been raised, then our proclamation has been in vain and your faith has been in vain…” (1Cor 15:14).  There are ten accounts given in Sacred Scripture of Christ’s appearances after His Resurrection:

(i) To St. Mary Magdalene near the Sepulcher, while she was looking for Christ’s body (Jn 20:16);

(ii) To the holy women returning from the Sepulcher after being shown the empty tomb by the angel (Matt 28:9);

(iii) To Simon Peter alone as Head of the Apostles (Lk 24:34);

(iv) To the two disciples on the road to Emmaus to whom Christ expounded all the Scriptures concerning himself from Moses and the Prophets (Lk 24:25);

(v) To the Apostles assembled behind locked doors, excepting St. Thomas, on the first Easter Sunday (Jn 20:21);

(vi) A week later to all of the Apostles behind the same locked doors, including St. Thomas (Jn 20:28);

(vii) To St. Peter and six other Apostles while fishing fruitlessly upon the Sea of Galilee (Jn 21:7);

(viii) To the eleven Apostles in Galilee upon a mountain where Jesus had bidden them meet him (Matt 28:16);

(ix) To St. James the Less as recounted by St. Paul (1Cor 15:7);

(x) On the day of His Ascension from Mount Olivet in front of as many as five hundred people (Acts 1:9).

The Apostles were to go on and preach Christ’s Resurrection before the very Jewish leaders who put Him to death.  They preached this truth to an incredulous world, filled with the unction of the Holy Spirit, braving persecution, imprisonment and death:  “And we bring you the good news that what God promised to our ancestors he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising Jesus” (Acts 13:32-33).

TRADITION — The Early Church Fathers

St. Irenaeus, Against Heresies 5, 31, 2 (180 AD):  “For since the Lord went away into the midst of the shadow of death where the souls of the dead were, and afterwards arose in the body, and after the resurrection was taken up, it is clear that the souls also of His disciples, on account of which the Lord underwent these things, will go away into the place allotted them by God.”

St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catechetical Lectures 4, 11 (350 AD): “(Christ) descended into the subterranean regions so that He might ransom from there the just… David was there, and Samuel, and all the Prophets; and John, the same who, through his messengers, said:  ‘Are You the one who is to come, or shall we look for another?’  Would you not want Him to go down to free such men as these?”

St. Gregory of Nyssa, The Great Catechism 1 (Post 383 AD):  “God (the Son) did not impede death from separating His soul from His body according to the necessary order of nature, but has reunited them to one another in the resurrection, so that He Himself might be, in His person, the meeting point for death and life, by arresting in Himself the decomposition of nature produced by death and so becoming the source of reunion for the separated parts.”

St. Augustine of Hippo (+430 AD), Commentary on Psalm 120:4:  “It is no great thing to believe that Christ died. This the pagans, Jews, and all the wicked believe; in a word, all believe that Christ died.  But that He rose from the dead is the belief of Christians.  To believe that He rose again, this we deem of great moment.”

Catechism of the Council of Trent (1566):  Finally, the Resurrection of our Lord, as the pastor should inculcate, was necessary to complete the mystery of our salvation and redemption.  By His death Christ liberated us from sin; by His Resurrection, He restored to us the most important of those privileges, which we had forfeited by sin.  Hence these words of the Apostle:  He was delivered up for our sins, and rose again for our justification.  That nothing, therefore, may be wanting to the work of our salvation, it was necessary that as He died, He should also rise again.

Catechism of the Catholic Church (1992):

No. 632:  The frequent New Testament affirmations that Jesus was “raised from the dead” presuppose that the crucified one sojourned in the realm of the dead prior to his resurrection.  This was the first meaning given in the apostolic preaching to Christ’s descent into hell: that Jesus, like all men, experienced death and in his soul joined the others in the realm of the dead.  But he descended there as Savior, proclaiming the Good News to the spirits imprisoned there.

No. 639:  The mystery of Christ’s resurrection is a real event, with manifestations that were historically verified, as the New Testament bears witness.  In about AD 56, St. Paul could already write to the Corinthians:  “I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures, and that he appeared to Cephas, then to the Twelve…”  The Apostle speaks here of the living tradition of the Resurrection which he had learned after his conversion at the gates of Damascus.

No. 655:  Finally, Christ’s Resurrection – and the risen Christ himself – is the principle and source of our future resurrection:  “Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep… For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive…”




The Acolyte & Altar Server


(The Pastoral Companion — A Canon Law Handbook of Catholic Ministry, pp86-87) Franciscan Press, 1995: John M. Huels, O.S.M., J.C.D.

The acolyte is instituted by the local ordinary (i.e. bishop) to serve at the altar and to assist the bishop, priest and deacon.  In particular it is for him to prepare the altar and the vessels and, as a special minister of the Eucharist, to give Communion to the faithful (General Instruction Roman Missal, 65).  This norm pertains to the stable ministry of acolyte, not to be confused with the temporary ministry of altar server.  Like the stable ministry of reader,

the ministry of acolyte is conferred only for seminarians preparing for the priesthood and candidates for the permanent diaconate.



(The Liturgy Documents—A Parish Resource, p261) Liturgy Training Publications, Third Edition, 1991

29. In every celebration of the Eucharist there should always be a sufficient number of ministers for the distribution of Communion. Priority is always given to ordinary ministers (bishops, priests, deacons) and auxiliary ministers (instituted acolytes). When there are large numbers of the faithful present and there are insufficient ordinary and auxiliary ministers at hand, special or extraordinary ministers properly appointed beforehand should assist in the distribution of Communion.


Duties and Ministries in The Mass

(Renewed by Decree of Vatican II, Promulgated by Authority of Pope Paul VI and Revised at the direction of Pope John Paul II) Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, 2011

100. In the absence of an instituted acolyte [by the local ordinary], there may be deputed lay ministers to serve at the altar and assist the Priest and the Deacon;

these carry the cross, the candles, the thurible, the bread, the wine, and the water, or who are even deputed to distribute Holy Communion as extraordinary ministers.

110. If at Mass with the people only one minister is present, that minister may exercise several different functions.

111. There should be harmony and diligence among all those involved in the effective preparation of each liturgical celebration in accordance with the Missal and other liturgical books, both as regards the rites and as regards the pastoral and musical aspects. This should take place under the direction of the rector [pastor] of the church and after consultation with the faithful in things that directly pertain to them. However, the Priest who presides at the celebration always retains the right of arranging those things that pertain to him.


Non-Integration of Mass Ministries


(Sacred Mysteries-Sacramental Principles & Liturgical Practice, p169) Paulist Press, 1995: Dennis C. Smolarski, S.J.

The proper celebration of liturgical rites assumes the presence of several ministers in addition to the one presiding. At the minimum, a typical celebration includes a reader, a cantor and a server. This is in stark contrast to the Tridentine missal and the 1614 A.D. Ritual, which presumed the presence only of a server and which also required the priest to repeat quietly texts sung by the choir or proclaimed by the deacon and sub-deacon.

The Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy encourages the distribution of tasks during liturgical services and cautions that ministers “should carry out all and only those parts” that pertain to their ministry.

Such advice is repeated in the liturgical books themselves, for example, when the General Instruction of the Roman Missal states that the presiding priest should not proclaim the gospel if a deacon or another priest is present.

Integration and coordination of ministries presupposes several things. It presupposes the existence of qualified ministers. It presumes that all ministers know what is proper to their own ministry and what is proper to other ministers. It also assumes that the presiding minister actually permits and encourages other ministers to do all that their ministry requires.

It may be difficult to recruit and train enough ministers to fill all the liturgical needs of a community. But such difficulty is no excuse for certain ministers regularly to usurp the roles of others. God has given the members of the assembly various gifts and talents, and they should not be overlooked. Gifted individuals need to be identified and their talents cultivated for the benefit of the community.

We should no more consider certain ministries optional than we should consider vesture or vessels optional. A reader at mass, for example, whether on Sunday or during the week, is not a nice addition when one is present. In most cases, the participation of a reader should be considered a necessity if the celebration is to be considered authentic. Without bread and wine, we cannot celebrate the mystery of the Eucharist. We should also think twice about the advisability of celebrating any liturgical mystery without the assistance of appropriate ministers.



(The Liturgy Documents—A Parish Resource, pp15-16) Liturgy Training Publications, Third Edition, 1991

22. §1. Regulation of the liturgy depends solely on the authority of the Church, that is, on the Apostolic See and, accordingly as the law determines, on the bishop.

§2. In virtue of power conceded by the law, the regulation of the liturgy within certain defined limits belongs also to various kinds of competent territorial bodies of bishops lawfully established.

§3. Therefore, no other person, not even if he is a priest, may on his own add, remove, or change anything in the liturgy.

28. In liturgical celebrations each one, minister or layperson, who has an office to perform, should do all of, but only, those parts which pertain to that office by the nature of the rite and the principles of liturgy.

32. The liturgy makes distinctions between persons according to their liturgical function and sacred orders and there are liturgical laws providing for due honors to be given to civil authorities. Apart from these instances,



The Role of Laity


The Second Vatican Council [1962–1965] devoted its decree on the apostolate of the laity Apostolicam actuositatem and chapter IV of its dogmatic constitution Lumen gentium to the laity in a sense narrower than that which is normal in the Catholic Church.

The definition of laity is that given in the Code of Canon Law:

By divine institution, there are among the Christian faithful in the Church sacred ministers who in law are also called clerics; the other members of the Christian faithful are called lay persons.  There are members of the Christian faithful from both these groups who, through the profession of the evangelical counsels by means of vows or other sacred bonds recognized and sanctioned by the Church, are consecrated to God in their own special way and contribute to the salvific mission of the Church; although their state does not belong to the hierarchical structure of the Church, it nevertheless belongs to its life and holiness (Canon 207).

The narrower sense in which the Second Vatican Council gave instruction concerning the laity is as follows:  The term laity is here understood to mean all the faithful except those in holy orders and those in the state of religious life specially approved by the Church.  These faithful are by baptism made one body with Christ and are constituted among the People of God; they are in their own way made sharers in the priestly, prophetical, and kingly functions of Christ; and they carry out for their own part the mission of the whole Christian people in the Church and in the world (Lumen gentium, 31).

In this narrower sense, the Council taught that the laity’s specific character is secularity: they are Christians who live the life of Christ in the world.  Their role is to sanctify the created world by directing it to become more Christian in its structures and systems:

“the laity, by their very vocation, seek the kingdom of God by engaging in temporal affairs and by ordering them according to the plan of God (Lumen gentium, 31).”  The laity are full members of the Church, fully share in Church’s purpose of sanctification, of “inner union of men with God (Catechism of the Catholic Church, 775),”

acting with freedom and personal responsibility and not as mere agents of the hierarchy.  Due to their baptism, they are members of God’s family, the Church, and they grow in intimate union with God, “in” and “by means” of the world. It is not a matter of departing from the world as the monks and the nuns do that they sanctify themselves; it is precisely through the material world sanctified by the coming of the God made flesh, i.e. made material, that they reach God.   Doctors, mothers of a family, farmers, bank tellers, drivers, by doing their jobs in the world with a Christian spirit are already extending the Kingdom of God.   According to the repeated statements of Popes and lay Catholic leaders, the laity should say “we are the Church,” in the same way that the saints said that “Christ lives in me.”  Lay involvement takes diverse forms, including participation in the life and Mass ministries  of the parish.


Astronomy for “The Light of The Cosmos”

Date & time of Easter Vigil – Christ Our Light

Much debate and conflict has been spawned by efforts to determine the date this feast should be celebrated annually.  The difficulty comes in translating an “immovable feast” from a lunar to the Christian solar calendar (Julian, and now Gregorian), on which it becomes a movable feast (one that moves to a certain day of the week, the way Thanksgiving moves to a Thursday, instead of one that is always celebrated on a particular date, immovably, like a birthday).  The Council of Nicaea in 325 placed Easter on the first Sunday following the first full moon after March 20 (which is the vernal equinox, when the sun is directly above the earth’s equator).  This date allowed pilgrims to have moonlight for traveling to the great Easter festivals of that day.  According to this method of reckoning, Easter could be as early as March 22 and as late as April 25. (331, Klein: The Catholic Source Book; #1170, Catechism of the Catholic Church)

The Easter Vigil takes place at night. It should not begin before nightfall and should end before daybreak. It is never permitted to anticipate the Mass of Easter before the Easter Vigil or celebrate more than one Easter Vigil service in the same church (111, Huels: The Pastoral Companion; 197-note 2, Ordo: Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops).

The precise time of the nightfall can be obtained from any basic astronomy program which is capable of calculating “the time of sunset” and then one adds 30 minutes to allow for the residual evening sunlight to dissipate.  The image below shows the precise time of sunset for April 19, 2014.

Nightfall = Time of Sunset + Dissipation of Residual Evening Light

Nightfall = 7:59 p.m. + 30 minutes

Therefore Easter Vigil 2014 A.D. begins at 8:30 p.m.



Why cover crosses & images during lent?

Catholic Tradition:  There is long tradition in the Catholic Church to cover all crucifixes, statues, and pictures in purple cloth from two Sundays before Easter until Holy Saturday. Under the old liturgical calendar prior to the Vatican II reforms in 1964, The Fifth Sunday of Lent, one week before Palms Sunday, was called Passion Sunday or Judica Sunday after the first work of the introit “Judge me, O Lord …” (Psalm 43). The veiling referred to the closing words of the Sunday gospel, “They picked up stones to throw at him, but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple” (John 8:59). The Lenten veil also expressed the sorrow of the Church at this time. As a matter of fact, the Roman Missal still says, in a note about the Saturday of the fifth Sunday of Lent, that this tradition may be observed, continuing the veiling until the beginning of the Easter Vigil. Also, the unveiling of the cross prior to the veneration on Good Friday is still and optional part of the liturgy (337, Klein: The Catholic Source Book).

 Renewed 2011 Roman Missal: In the Dioceses of Canada, the practice of covering crosses and images throughout the church from this Fifth Sunday of Lent may be observed. Crosses remain covered until the end of the celebration of the Lord’s Passion on Good Friday, but images remain covered until the beginning of the Easter Vigil (239, Renewed 2011 Roman Missal: Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops).

 Historical Perspective by: Father Edward McNamara, professor of liturgy at the Regina Apostolorum Pontifical University. First of all, I would first like to recommend Monsignor Peter Elliott’s excellent guide “Celebrations of the Liturgical Year” published by Ignatius Press in 2002. It is a very useful resource for all those involved in the practical aspects of liturgical planning.

The duration of such veiling varies from place to place. The custom in many places is to veil from before first vespers or the vigil Mass of the Fifth Sunday of Lent while others limit this veiling from after the Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday.

In some places images and statues are actually removed from the church and not simply veiled, especially after Holy Thursday. Crosses are unveiled after the Good Friday ceremonies. All other images are unveiled shortly before the Mass of the Easter Vigil. Neither the Stations of the Cross nor stained glass windows are ever veiled.

The bishops’ conference may decide if the veiling during this period should be obligatory within its territory.

The veils are usually made of lightweight purple cloth without any decoration. The custom of veiling the images during the last two weeks of Lent hails from the former liturgical calendar in which the Passion was read on the Fifth Sunday of Lent (hence called “Passion Sunday”) as well as on Palm Sunday, Tuesday and Wednesday of Holy Week, and Good Friday.

For this reason the period following the Fifth Sunday of Lent was called Passiontide. A remnant of this custom is the obligatory use of the first Preface of the Lord’s Passion during the Fifth Week of Lent.

As Monsignor Elliott remarks, “The custom of veiling crosses and images … has much to commend it in terms of religious psychology, because it helps us to concentrate on the great essentials of Christ’s work of Redemption.”

Although this is true, the historical origin of this practice lies elsewhere. It probably derives from a custom, noted in Germany from the ninth century, of extending a large cloth before the altar from the beginning of Lent.

This cloth, called the “Hungertuch” (hunger cloth), hid the altar entirely from the faithful during Lent and was not removed until during the reading of the Passion on Holy Wednesday at the words “the veil of the temple was rent in two.”

Some authors say there was a practical reason for this practice insofar as the often-illiterate faithful needed a way to know it was Lent. Others, however, maintain that it was a remnant of the ancient practice of public penance in which the penitents were ritually expelled from the church at the beginning of Lent.

After the ritual of public penance fell into disuse — but the entire congregation symbolically entered the order of penitents by receiving ashes on Ash Wednesday — it was no longer possible to expel them from the church. Rather, the altar or “Holy of Holies” was shielded from view until they were reconciled to God at Easter.

For analogous motives, later on in the Middle Ages, the images of crosses and saints were also covered from the start of Lent. The rule of limiting this veiling to Passiontide came later and does not appear until the publication of the Bishops’ Ceremonial of the 17th century.